Albert Einstein's Unified Field Theory

A New Interpretation

Sample chapter

"Any intelligent fool can make things bigger and more complex...It takes a touch of genius — and a lot of courage — to move in the opposite direction."

—Albert Einstein

Did Einstein complete his work?

After 1919, Einstein wanted to tackle head on the mystery of the gravitational field after noticing something odd about light. After realising light can bend in a gravitational field following the results of the famous experiment by Professor Arthur Eddington (1882 - 1944) to check the validity of the light bending effect during a solar eclipse in 1919, he noticed an unmistakable connection between the electromagnetic field and the gravitational field. Even the way the electromagnetic field, when oscillating, could push against so-called uncharged matter and make it move was giving Einstein food for thought. It doesn't matter if you replace light with any other ordinary matter, it would make no difference. The same gravitational effect would exist, as if light has its own gravitational field and not just the fact that light would behave like ordinary matter. Einstein tried, through numerous thought experiments, to find ways to show a difference. Unfortunately he couldn't. At the very least, Einstein had to strongly consider the oscillating electromagnetic field as having a gravitational field of its own in order to explain the light bending effect and matter moving in the presence of light. There was no escaping this fact.

In 1924, Albert Einstein completed the essential aspects of his most ambitious and complex scientific achievement of the 20th century known as the Unified Field Theory. After further refinements, the fully completed version was published in 1929 (you can download the paper from the link below, together with a simplified presentation of the theory by Professor Tullio Levi-Civita). Since then, Einstein remained confident throughout his life that what he achieved was indeed correct and that all he needed was a mathematical solution derived from the unified field equations for a new special case that can be applied to reality and reveal through experimental testing to be true and so prove the validity of his idea behind his final scientific masterpiece.

Fortunately there is a way to test the theory. In fact, there are at least two simple approaches one can take to validate the theory, and it merely involves amplifying or reducing the electromagnetic field strength sufficiently to reveal this gravitational field effect from it.

The idea is not complex or difficult to understand.

But the real question remains: What is the gravitational field?

To put it another way, do we need the gravitational field to explain the gravitational effects seen in light and other ordinary matter?

Why haven't scientists solved the Unified Field Theory problem?

There is a serious misconception among Einstein's contemporaries that his approach to a Unified Field Theory got him nowhere and that his mathematical linking of the electromagnetic and gravitational fields in his unified field equations would not explain the weak and strong nuclear forces and anything else about the quantum world. Part of the problem with this is because scientists believe the mathematics behind the unified field equations is too complex (1). Understandable when one inspects the equations. Add to this the difficulty in relating the mathematics of the unified field equations with the real world and seeing a common and natural phenomenon that can be used to help identify practical experiments to support the theory, and most scientists are of the view that Einstein had been unsuccessful in his attempt.

Dr Cornelius Lanczos of the School of Theoretical Physics at the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies confirms this current scientific belief about Einstein's final work when he said:

"In the meantime, modern physics continues to grow and advance without taking account of Einstein's unifying attempts and, in fact, denying even the possibility of such an attempt being successful." (2)

As a result of this decision not to pursue Einstein's final great theory and understand what he had achieved, a problem has emerged in the world of physics. It is best seen in the quantum world where bizarre solutions appear that seem to defy the normal laws of Newtonian physics. And there is this belief that quantum particles do not have a "cause and effect" solution. It is the result of over simplification of equations used in quantum theory and the decision by physicists not to include electromagnetic radiation (and its gravitational field) into the equations as needed to tame the solutions and show what is actually happening to the quantum particles. But it is also because there is not much imagination applied by physicists to see what is really going on.

As an example, we know the gravitational field equations of the General Theory of Relativity acknowledges the existence of a mysterious and ubiquitous energy permeating through space. Yet it is remarkable that even to this day, physicists have never been able to properly elucidate to the public exactly what this energy is. Instead, they are happy to call this thing spacetime and leave it as that.

Yet there is a way to understand exactly what this energy is in the real world and how it relates to all of physics, including quantum theory. The key lies in Einstein's Unified Field Theory.

The problem with physics today

Let us explain further.

We are told by the physicists that the Minkowski’s spacetime continuum — used by Einstein to unify high-speed physics and the gravitational field to create his famous General Theory of Relativity — is a mathematical framework to assist physicists in representing in the real world a mysterious energy permeating through space, whose density can affect the length, time, mass and strength of a gravitational field at any point in space as measured by an external observer. The point of interest for taking this measurement is usually said to be moving or accelerating with respect to the observer, or the observer himself could be the one doing the moving, or both. It is also possible for the point in question to appear to not be moving with respect to the observer so long as a technology is employed at that point to amplify or reduce the density of the energy in order to achieve the same effects. This latter approach can be achieved by rotating a mass at incredible speeds, according to the General Theory of Relativity, or by using enough electric charge and to accelerate the charge quickly according to the Unified Field Theory.

But as Marc Pilossof has quite rightly noted, this mathematical approach does seem a little "divorced from physical reality". Part of the problem for this is because the real-life explanation for what this energy is has never been properly explained. Of course, the scientists do not want to feel like they are a sanctuary from society, but a tributary. So, in order to bring the public on the ride and to make them feel a part of the scientific process (as they are the ones to provide the new scientists of the future), all manner of efforts were employed by scientists to try to explain the concepts in simpler terms, including billiard balls moving on a rubber sheet. Still, the public remained confused or somewhat amused, whichever came to mind first.

Even if scientists could have spoken in terms of an energy permeating space, naturally the public would ask, "What is this energy?"

Scientists are not entirely sure, but they think this energy is a mixture of energies covering exotic particles, known particles of electrons, protons and neutrons, some electromagnetic energy from radiation, gravitational energy that somehow can keep planets revolving around stars, and anything else we just don't know about and will hopefully discover soon.

Since the publication of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity (and prior to the publication of the SUNRISE book), there had been no substantial efforts by scientists to delve into Einstein's next achievement, known as the Unified Field Theory, to see if a clue could be found to help explain the nature of this mysterious energy flowing through space and whether this could help to unify the four fundamental forces of nature: the electromagnetic force, the gravitational force, and the strong and weak nuclear forces.

From history, we see some efforts from the U.S. government to understand Einstein's unifying attempts in the mid-1950s at the recommendation of the USAF (as reported on the front page of the New-York Tribune). From this work, certain ideas were figured out and kept secret for the USAF's own work in developing a new electromagnetic flying machine. The only other people who may have stumbled on the idea is the U.S. Navy. According to rumours and a handwritten letter from an anonymous person allegedly involved in a secret Navy experiment, it is claimed a strong oscillating electromagnetic field was created using degaussing equipment to help amplify the gravitational field in an attempt to bend the light from a ship and render it invisible to the naked eye. Unfortunately, if such an experiment did take place, the results of the work would not be divulged to the public.

Outside of the US military, there seems to be no effort by scientists to properly study Einstein's final great theory.

As for Einstein, the man who created the mathematical monstrosity and formulated the picture in his mind that began the theory, he remained quietly confident that he was on the right track. Even on his death bed, the night of his passing, he requested from his secretary to bring in his most recent calculations on the Unified Field Theory. Whether this was a message to the world that he was right, or simply a failed dream of his, rumours have it that Einstein did burn some papers relating to his final theory thinking the world was not ready for some advanced ideas he may have come up with. Part of the problem for him was the growing tensions between Russia and the US and so soon after the end of the last world war, and after observing the application of his famous equation in the development of the atomic bomb, it is possible these were contributing catalysts in Einstein's mind to stop further discussions of his work. Or was this meant to show that he had failed in his quest? However, Einstein pursued the work right to the end. Never did he admit in a written note or said to anyone that he was wrong. Einstein felt certain he was on the right track.

In the meantime, and with no other important clues to come from anyone else's research work on the Unified Field Theory, the scientists are pinning their hope of finding the answer by smashing up atomic particles, performing lots of mathematical calculations using existing quantum theories, and hoping (if such a thing exists in science) a solution will be found. From this, perhaps scientists will find a unique and exotic particle to unify the four fundamental forces of nature — the strong and weak nuclear forces, the gravitational force, and the electromagnetic force. A kind of new God-like energy (or particle) to explain all things. Physicists have various different names for this unifying attempt, of which the most commonly spoken about is the Grand Unification Theory (or GUT). But what if this unification effort has already been done and the physicists have not been aware of it after all this time?

Is it not possible that electromagnetism could be the key to unifying all of physics? According to the Unified Field Theory, the aim for physicists is to find the electromagnetic explanation for everything we do not understand.

Now, SUNRISE has learned how this is possible. By using radiation, we can see a way for radiation to interact with matter and itself, and from it come the new electromagnetic explanations of how things work, or at least how we can test for it.

The implications of all this work is revealed in this new book.