]> Useful Web Sites

Useful Web Sites

A free service

Feeling a bit overwhelmed by what is available on the internet? No worries, here is our selection of the better sites to visit and some useful free tools to assist you.

If you would like to see other information included in this section (whether to improve on this topic or suggest new areas worthy of discussion), don't hesitate to send us a message.


A

Aboriginal Artworks, KJC

ADVICE AND TIPS

DotDash.com

Provides advice, information and ideas for inspiration.

Advice from an Expert (Just Answer)

Money Security

Airlines (See TRAVEL)

Amazon Books (Biggest online bookstore)

AMAZON KINDLE PUBLISHING

HTML Kindle Publication Template (SUNRISE)

Developed by SUNRISE for authors and publishers, this is the template you should use when creating your next "Stephen King"-inspired eBook on Kindle, ePUB or other platforms. Already tested against KindleGen 2.9 with no errors to report, feel free to make use of this clean template to create your great novel.

Download KindleGen 2.9.app (Mac)

The essential tool from Amazon to create your Kindle eBook. Use it to convert your HTML template source file (e.g., the link above as an example) into the Kindle file format. The link shown here is for Mac users only.

Download KindleGen 2.9 (PC)

The essential tool from Amazon to create your Kindle eBook from your HTML template source file. This one is for PC users, so Mac users must use Terminal.app in the Utilities folder to run some basic commands (yuk!). Or better still, choose the app version above!

Download Kindle Previewer 2.94 (PC and Mac)

With built-in KindleGen 2.9, just drag-n-drop an ePUB file to convert. Added advantage: You can preview the Kindle eBook file straightaway. You can ignore the above links in favour of this tool if you prefer.

Download Kindle eBook Reading App for Mac

Download Kindle eBook Reading Apps for PC

ANIMALS

Australian Age of Dinosaurs, The

Dogs, Toxic Foods for

Evolution of Life on Earth (SUNRISE)

A compact no holds back view of our long evolutionary history. This will reveal the good, the bad, and the ugly of what he have gone through on this planet, and what could become for all of us in the future. We hope this section inspires people to do the right thing for one another and for all living things in the universe just to show exactly what we have learned after all this time.

Snake bites, Management of

Snakes, About

Answers.com

Searches through dictionaries, thesauruses, atlases, glossaries and encyclopedias for the answers

Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC)

Adobe Systems, Inc.

Alternative Medicine

Apple, Inc.

ART

The Louvre

Victoria and Albert Museum

Ask Philosophers, for responses to questions you may have.

AUCTIONS, ONLINE

eBay

eBay (Misspelled Auctions)

AUSTRALIAN POSTCODES

Australia Post

AUSTRALIAN SERVICES, FREE

ACT Legislation Acts

Free Superannuation Records Check

National Energy (Energy-efficient solutions)

Superannuation Information (ATO)

White Pages

Yellow Pages

AUSTRALIAN TELEVISION

ABC

eBroadcast, Listing Guide

Your TV, Listing Guide

AUTHOR SERVICES

Book-Writers

As recommended by Amazon.com. This is the place for everything you need to get your book sold on Amazon and produced into any format required (e.g., ebooks as well as traditional print).



B

BABY, PREGNANCY AND SAFETY ADVICE

Baby-Proof Safety Checklist (Oregon Health and Science University)

Baby-Proof Your Apartment

Baby Proofing and Child Safety Guide

Childproofing Your Home (US CPSC)

Guide to Babyproofing your Home

Medical Health Tests

Pregnancy Baby Care

The Complete Babyproofing Guide

And if you are still worried this is not enough information, we can only recommend wrapping your child in cotton wool to solve all other safety issues.

also see CHILD SAFETY INTERNET ADVICE

BANKS (AUSTRALIA)

Aussie Home Loans

ANZ

Bankwest

Commonwealth Bank

Good Shepherd MicroFinance

Avoid those shady commercial payday loan centres such as Cash Converters and GoodtoGo Loans with their attempt to force people to pay excessive fees, very high interest rates, etc (see ABC television program, Four Corners, 30 March 2015). Good Shepherd MicroFinance are for people on low income who need small loans to purchase fridges, a second-hand car, furniture, or anything else, while ensuring people feel valued and in control of their finances and lives at all times. The truly ethical and moral approach to leanding.

ING Direct

National Australia Bank

St George Bank Limited

Westpac

BEATLES MUSIC

Beatles Music

Play Guitar Like the Beatles

BIBLIOGRAPHIC DATABASES

Engineers Australia Database

First Search

HOLLIS Catalog - Harvard University

Ingenta - extensive science literature database

Harvard University's online database resources

National Library of Australia Catalogue

Open Thesis - Upload & Search Global Theses and Dissertations

The Cambridge Scientific Abstracts

BILLS, PAY YOUR

Australia Post - PostBill Pay

BPAY

BOOKINGS, ENTERTAINMENT

Show Biz (Australia)

Ticketek (Australia)

BOOKS

Abebooks, Used and rare books

Amazon Books

Collins Books, New books at

Dymocks, New books at

Net Library (Downloading e-Books)

Britannica, Encyclopedia (Full Online Volumes)

BOOKS, CREATE YOUR OWN ELECTRONIC

HTML Kindle Publication Template (SUNRISE)

HTML ePUB Apple iBook Publication Template (SUNRISE)

HTML ePUB Standard Publication Template (SUNRISE)

BUSINESS & COMMERCIAL, BUY OR SELL

businessesVIEW.com.au (Australia)

Commercial Property Guide (Australia)

commercialVIEW.com.au (Australia)

BUSINESS SERVICES, SMALL (AUSTRALIA)

ACT Business Gateway (Australia)

ACT Legislation Acts

ACT Work Safe (Australia)

Austrade - For Australian Exporters

Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Fuel Watch

Australian Taxation Office

Business Entry Point (Australia)

Canberra Business Advisory Service (CanBAS)

Credit check of Australian businesses

Digital Marketing Guide (HubSpot)

Discount New Cars

Business mentor Mark Bouris gives his business advice

Small Business Resource

Private Fleet (Cars)

Workplace Relations Site (Australia)

BUSINESS SERVICES, SMALL (INTERNATIONAL)

Alignable (North America)

A small business referral network (basically "I scratch your back, and you scratch mine!" kind of place) but you do have the option to promote and sell products to other businesses. So if your products are good, you will receive good referrals (and you should do the same too if you want more customers). A web site mainly catering to businesses located in North America. However, on the internet, who will know where you are located, right?

Advice for Latino Entrepreneurs (U.S.)

Business Insurance Quotes (U.S.)

Expertise.com's Small Business Resource

BUTTON MAKERS, WEB (FREE)

Freebies Bug

Free web design content.

Flaming Text



C

CAPTURE, SCREEN

Web Capture

For capturing full length screenshots of web pages. For an alternative, try the freeware Paparazzi 1.0.

CARS

AutoGuru's Top 10 Car Mechanics (Canberra, Australia)

Auto Trader (Australia)

Car History (Australia)

Car Sales (Australia)

Car Sales Australia

Cars Wanted (Fastest Way to Sell Cars)

CTP Insurance (Australia)

Drive.com.au (Australia)

Auto Guru (Australia)

Formerly Fixed Price Car Service, just mention your car make and model, the suburb you want it serviced, the type of repairs, and you will receive a number of fixed quotes for the repair.

Personal Property Security Register (PPSR)

An essential first step before purchasing a car. Use this web site to find out if the car is stolen.

Red Book - Market value of cars

Vehicle Visuals

A $30 per month subscription-based web site for viewing all available 3D animations of how your car works. Mainly helpful for car repair shops looking to show customers where parts are located and what they do.

CDs, see MUSIC

CHILD SAFETY, INTERNET ADVICE ON

A Guide to Protecting Children’s Privacy Online

CoolTech Zone's Child Internet Safety Guide

Top Medical Assistant Schools' Internet Safety

As the people at TMAS can't seem to get enough of this subject, or feel we are lacking in adequate advice in this area, here is another take on what appears to be a highly popular subject in the world today. We hope the younger members of our society thinks so too.

Keeping Children Safe Online

Overparenting (TIME magazine)

The Parents Guide to Internet Safety, Security and Screen Time for Kidsby Your Gear Deconstructed

The Ultimate Parents' Guide to Child Safety on the Internet

CHILD SAFETY, GENERAL ADVICE ON

Keeping Medication Away from Children and Pets (a safety guide by SingleCare.com)

CHILD PROOFING, see BABY AND PREGNANCY ADVICE

CellarMaster - An Australian Wine Specialist

Civil & Electrical Engineering

For jobs, see Job Seeker (Employee Resource), International

For education, see EDUCATION, CIVIL & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

CNN

CLASSIFIEDS

OzBargain (Australian freebies)

Cracker Classifieds (Australia's Largest)

Trading Post

CLOTHES

Kelly Country (World-class business suits from Australia)

VIDA Collection (San Francisco, USA)

If you are bored of the simple and uninspiring designs for clothing you find at your local Kmart, Target, Big-W, Walmart or some other general clothing outlet store, you certainly won't be by the time you have browsed through this web site. Wow your friends and people in your town or city by wearing unique and smitten designs for clothing or decor items in your home that you won't find anywhere else in the world. Also, when you purchase an item from VIDA, a certain percentage of net sales goes toward sponsoring literacy programs for factory workers who work hard to print and produce the garments and other fashion accessories. Actually, did we mention VIDA is an ethical business in ensuring factory workers are given a decent wage and working conditions as well? Well, that is the kind of place you can expect from VIDA as it is there to not only make the world a more artful place, but a better place to live for everyone. And, by the way, if you just so happen to be an artist/designer yourself, you also have the option to sell clothing with your unique designs through VIDA (to register or login to your account and start selling, visit this site). In the words of Erica Carter, Head of Artist Recruitment: "[Here at VIDA] we produce, package, and ship every order on your behalf and, you’ll earn 10% of the net sales for every product sold featuring your designs, with no cap on how much you can earn."

Compare the Market (Australia)

COMPUTERS

Adobe Systems, Inc.

Apple, Inc.

Data Memory Systems (US)

IBM Australia Limited

Microsoft Corporation.

PC Pitstop - Free PC testing

see also SOFTWARE

Consumer Safety Guide

Covid-19 (NOVEL CORONAVIRUS)

A variant on the SARS virus, Covid-19 (now called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)) had its origins in late 2019 from a bat whose infected blood has managed to cross over to humans, either with the help of an intermediary wild animal such as a pangolin, or directly to humans. Indeed, it is likely to be the latter as bats are a delicacy in China and any "accidentally" uncooked bat meat used in a Chinese-style soup dish may have permitted the virus to make the transition to humans. Understandably, the Chinese authorities prefer to see the situation as probably nothing more than touching an infected wild animal and humans ended up accidentally touching their mouth, nose or eyes. Of course, at the same time we can't ignore orally ingesting uncooked meat as a way for new viruses to make the jump to humans.

Assuming it is from a wild animal that was being prepared for slaughter as part of the Chinese food supply, this logically raises the question of why China cannot look for alternative food sources (and grow them locally using its massive Chinese workforce)? And while the Chinese authorities are at it, why not consider an education campaign to teach the masses on the fallacy of traditional views regarding the so-called health properties of consuming wild animals? Clearly, Covid-19 is not a health benefit no matter how many different and tasty ways the Chinese can prepare the tainted meat — sweet n' sour, black bean sauce etc. You will still get Covid-19. The Chinese government has tried to argue that it is because people need the wild animals to survive (i.e., food to eat and to sell for money). A totally understandable response. We all have to survive. But can't people survive through the use of alternative food sources? Surely that should be feasible in this day and age. Even if people are struggling financially to make the change to more safer food sources, the Chinese government should be stepping up to the plate to show the world how to solve this problem. Western nations may struggle to make it work, but a communist country has a much better chance of establishing an alternative non-economic system of rebuilding the environment and making it food productive in the right areas that will not lead to a pandemic.

Yet remarkably China has chosen not to do this. About the most China will do to improve things for its poorer Chinese citizens is to allow the markets to re-open and continue selling wild animals for food, except that now people will be forced to keep the front of the shops cleaner than they were before the pandemic while wild animals continue to be slaughtered behind the scenes as a presumably better strategy to controlling any potential future virus outbreaks. As an added precautionary measure, a handful of Chinese officials will take temperature readings of people entering the markets to stop a human transmitting the virus to live animals and other humans. Chinese officials think this will be sufficient to stop another pandemic. Well, this is an unlikely situation while no better solution is being implemented by China. However, even if the world could help China with alternative food exports to the nation, China wants to spend all its energy to stop outsiders from making the mere suggestion of an investigation into how the pandemic started and recommending more permanent ways to prevent another pandemic from taking place again in the future. At first it was to hide the details on the virus (until a Chinese doctor eventually broke the news online). When the world learned of the virus and its spread, there was a quick effort to destroy evidence of how it started while influencing those who will support the nation to have the markets open as quickly as possible and maintain trade in wild animals as China eventually succeeded in controlling the spread of the virus within its border (and all the while, the rest of the world had to find solutions of its own to handle the growing number of infected citizens). Now, with just a single word of an investigation as a reasonable approach to learning about what happened, China wants to economically threaten Australia (the leading nation calling for an investigation), and that is for even recommending an investigation, let alone actually performing the investigation (sounds like the latter would end up starting World War III).

It is amazing the change in behaviour from China. Mention a possible infected wild animal in a Chinese market and China is quieter than a mouse. Talk about a potential investigation (which could uncover something different) and China is up in arms and crying foul about the idea. And it is already on a trade war dance to stop Australian imports. Has Australia touched a raw nerve in the communist country because the real truth may actually emerge?

The aim of the investigation, if China could allow for it, would be to find out how it started (if it came from nothing more than a wild animal touched by humans, then that is reasonable) and provide recommendations on how to prevent this situation from happening again, as well as find ways to help China to avoid using wild animals as a source of food and any extra equipment needed to improve the hygiene practices in virology labs, Chinese food markets, and anywhere else viruses can emerge.

Seriously, what is wrong with an investigation of this type? Do we not need to learn from this situation (even if China already knows the answer and would rather not say what it is to the world community? The ultimate aim is to find solutions to properly avoid a pandemic in the future. Indeed, China is acting so worried about any kind of investigations that it must choose to threaten trade relations with Australia by considering putting on an 80 per cent tariff on the AUD$2 billion barley exports going to China from Australia (the kind of alternative food sources that should be helping China, not going against it). It is as if China does not want alternative food sources because it is fully aware of how the pandemic started, realised what it was doing was not right, and to downplay the whole situation have decided not to do much to permanently fix it other than to hide what has actually happened (and all in an attempt to make itself look good on the world stage because it thinks the virus is under control within its borders, so why not just ignore the need for an investigation? It will go pass over in due course, we we might as well forget about what happened). Because of these strange actions and behaviours, it is leading people outside China to think that this nation is hiding something or is too constantly obsessed by its image and trying to look good all the time. Otherwise, it may not be quite as simple as a wild animal transmitting the virus to humans in a food market. Even though Covid-19 is not man-made or genetically modified from another similar SARS virus (a study of the Covid-19 genome is suggesting it is "natural"), there is no reason why China could not have studied the virus from a wild animal and later accidentally released it by one of its workers/researchers in the food markets and anywhere else the individual travelled to within Wuhan. It is all a question of whether the evidence will emerge to support this likely possibility. China is afraid to say so and instead must behave in a strange way. The U.S. thinks this is a strong possibility (and claims to have evidence, but we have yet to see this). But after seeing the reaction from China, some people would be happy to accept China's preferred explanation of an infected wild animal in the markets if it means a return to economic prosperity with the help of China.

At any rate, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has tried to weigh into this debate by making the assumption that it probably was natural and transmitted from a wild animal "accidentally". This might be true, except the WHO cannot be absolutely certain about this without an investigation. Without a report, no one can be certain about anything. Nor can the WHO influence other nations on this explanation while it has been criticised by some nations for not doing enough to recommend China stop selling wild animals in the markets in favour of safer and more familiar forms of food having far fewer parasites and viruses to worry about. Instead, the WHO has controversially chosen to allow the WET markets to continue in whatever form China is happy to see them operating. Prior to this decision, the WHO followed China's recommendation to not say anything to the world when the pandemic was just starting (because China thought it could control the virus spread). It is no wonder independent nations outside of China and the WHO think the WHO had been too heavily influenced by China to make these unfortunate decisions. After hearing about this situation with the WHO, China quickly began accusing Australia of being influenced by the U.S. to have an investigation in a tit-for-tat scenario (thereby confirming what had happened with WHO was actually true) and so the circle of blaming and naming continues until someone decides to back down, and that is usually not China.

It is unfortunate to see this attitude as it would only make China look more like a bully in getting its way with everything.

This is something people in nations outside China have noticed. It is not an unusual observation. This kind of bullying behaviour from China, combined with the size of the Chinese population and its demand for exotic animals as a source of food from distant locations, is highly reminiscent of how an overgrown ant nest tries to survive. When there are too many ants in the nest, they are forced to forage far and wide to bring back whatever it can find for food. It does not matter what it is. If it is organic (meat or plant), it will be attacked and suffer a lingering death by a thousand cuts. Eventually it will be dissected into small parts and brought back to the nest to support the colony. There is absolutely no negotiation with other animals in the area. No effort to learn and change traditions or choose better sources of food. It always keeps expanding and drawing in more and more resources from far away regions and devastate the entire environment just to help support the massive ant nest.

If China wants to avoid looking like a bully, it would be wise to allow a group of medical experts (or at least a combined Australian, American, and Chinese team) to work together in an independent way (well, in the sense of being free from all political influence) so we can learn about this latest outbreak. Show this as an example of world co-operation on a matter that has affected economies and the health of millions of people around the world, so we can find out how to avoid this situation happening again. That is all it is. It is not about undermining the Chinese government, or trying to do something to harm the national interests of the Chinese nation. It is only a question of science to fully understand the situation as best we can for the benefit of everyone.

China is still unhappy. It tries to counter this inclusion of China into the investigation process together with experts from other nations by claiming that the world would only see the nation as guilty for what happened. It doesn't think an investigation will put China in a positive light.

This continuing disagreement is highly revealing. Did China do something it shouldn't and it knew it was wrong?

Even if it was merely an act of embarrassment and China wanted to save face on the matter because it really was a "natural" event that was performed in an accidental way (probably due to inadequate safety standards in the Chinese virology labs), well, just acknowledge it. The strength of a nation is revealed by how well it accepts a mistake, learns from it, improves the situation, and moves on while helping others not to repeat what had happened. It makes for a much stronger nation in the long term. China would benefit greatly from taking on this character-building approach.

This overly sensitive concern by China of avoiding embarrassment. Seriously, if you know it is embarrassing, why do it? Doesn't the nation know what the principle of love is after all this time? What exactly has China learned as a nation throughout its history? That it is okay to treat people badly for the sake of hiding one's embarrassment? Not very smart at all. And what is wrong with asking for help from Western nations when you know a mistake was made. Forget about how embarrassing it might be. We all make mistakes from time to time. Big deal. If you need help and want Western nations to be more open with China, then ask for help. Say you want to study some dangerous viruses to help provide a universal vaccine to treat all respiratory infections, including the common cold and the flu. Fair enough. The world will help together with putting into place the world standards needed to contain viruses and properly study them. But if China is simply getting angry because it doesn't like being embarrassed, well guess what? It is going to get more embarrassing now if you don't do the right thing. And don't worry. We are all embarrassing in our own way. Get over it. Everyone has something embarrassing. Just look at ourselves in the mirror, naked for a minute. Seriously, don't we all have embarrassing things we would all rather hide? Just check out the position of our sex organs. Of all the places on the human body, why do our sex organs have to be in the same area as where we urinate and defecate? That is one of the strangest and most embarrassing places that God has put for the part that we use to procreate and gain pleasure from. It is almost like God realised something was missing and had to put the reproductive organs somewhere, and the best place it could find was way down there between our legs. A kind of last minute after thought that was put in there in a haste. But if we laugh at ourselves for that very fact and actually acknowledge our embarrassing parts of our body, we can learn to grow up for once. Realise that we are way up there with the hammerhead shark, the elephant with its incredibly long nose, and the giraffe for its extraordinarily long neck. Perhaps there are evolutionary reasons to have those biological traits, but if we look at them superficial, we realise that we are all bizarre creatures when viewed by other species. We are a constant embarrassment to different species. But it doesn't mean we should go around putting tariffs on things that other animals might provide to humans just because we think those animals are an embarrassment or is making us feel embarrassed.

Yet China chooses cannot see it this way. It is far too serious about itself, and too overly concerned by its image. It doesn't like embarrassment. Guess what? Just look at how embarrassing we are with our Western social problems that we cannot solve it. And what about climate change? We still haven't solved it as yet. Plenty for us to be embarrassed about. But here is the point: So long as we try to improve things and balance what we do, then at least we are doing something positive and constructive to deal with the embarrassment. We take responsibility for it and at least try to do something better. But in China case, it thinks the best way to change our embarrassing perception of China's actions is to impose tariffs on Australian barley and deny export opportunities into China for Australian meat producers (at least they are not relying on wild animals, which should be exactly what China needs right now, surely).

Clearly not the most intelligent approach.

  • So the US is willing to apply its own trade sanctions on China until the nation provides the necessary accurate and complete details of what happened in Wuhan where the pandemic began. As Senator Jim Inhofe, one of the sponsors of the “COVID-19 Accountability Act, stated:

    The Chinese Communist Party must be held accountable for the detrimental role they played in this pandemic. Their outright deception of the origin and spread of the virus cost the world valuable time and lives as it began to spread.”

    On seeing this, China had to simmer its attitude. Now it tries to argue that the actions against Australia are more technical in nature rather than any form of punishment on Australia, and trade can resume in the future (at a time when China thinks Australia is ready). Unfortunately for China that is incredibly poor timing as the latest move from China on Australia comes amid very recent talks by China to affect Australian trade with China. It is difficult for any reasonable person to see this as anything other than to punish Australia for merely suggesting an investigation.

    Then the U.S. reaffirmed the need to know more about what happened in China and why the effort to hide all the information.

    China counters this with some kind of quiet action, which the U.S. alleges involves hacking of American computer servers at some medical and research companies. The U.S. considers this stealing intellectual property (because Americans want to make a profit, which, technically speaking, they shouldn't as this work should benefit the world). Apparently this is China's way of saying, "Well, if we cannot get the latest information on Covid-19 from the rest of the world, might as well keep what we know to ourselves."

    And this is how a Cold War starts between communist and Western nations.

    Come on now. Surely someone has got to start the process of sharing information, and just do the right thing. Fix the problems and acknowledge where we have done wrong and teach others to not fall into the same trap. Learn and teach others how to do things better. Why keep something of such importance to oneself when we know it can benefit everyone? Forget about our egos and wanting to look good. If we stuffed up on something, acknowledge it and do something to improve on it, and so prevent it from happening again. Then teach others what we should do to avoid repeating the same mistakes for the rest of world. Seriously, it is like watching two immature boys from different cultures (i.e., a Western nation like the US and a socialist nation of China) saying "I am right!", "No, I am right", "No you are not, I am right and here's why. Can you see what I mean?", "But I see you are doing the same thing, so I can do the same too." and so it goes on and on. How about we all just step back from our silliness and just work together to solve this important world problem as a global team effort?

    And when we solve something, we all learn everything about how it started, what China was doing, as well as what we need to learn now to deal with this pandemic. Mistakes will be noted, but what is more important is that we all learn from the experience and fix the issues.

    Behave like intelligent adults willing to help one another, for goodness sake.

    Unfortunately, like a petulant child who can't get over its embarrassment and is unable to see the silliness in its actions, the Chinese government remains unwilling to divulge the full story of what happened in Wuhan, and it is doing all it can to prevent others from learning about it. As a result of this unfortunate attitude and inadequate permanent solutions by way of implementing alternative food sources throughout China to help the poor Chinese people, outside observers feel that at the end of the day, it is not the poor Chinese who are to blame for this. It is essentially the rich and powerful people in China. The rich for choosing not to change traditions even when it has everything it needs to survive, and the powerful for not leading the nation properly in helping all Chinese people to grow the right foods. If we are to change this international view of China, it is necessary for China to acknowledge any mistakes it has made and be more open about what happened. Only then can the rest of the world work with China on solving all world problems. Whether it is to build new renewable energy solutions or to grow the right foods for China and the world (or even a better Chinese virology lab to handle more infectious diseases for its own study), we can all benefit from helping each other.

    Let's face it. The world has every right to be firm with China on this matter, and in regards to this behaviour displayed to Australia and, by implications, the rest of the world when a simple recommendation of an investigation is suggested. Wake up China! Look at how many people outside China have been affected and are dying as a result of China's poor efforts to do the job properly in the first place, and lack of openness with the world to explain exactly what has happened and what help it needs. Then the world has to be further disrespected by not allowing scientists outside the nation to learn about what happened and to work together on a global solution with the Chinese scientists. This is a global issue that should be addressed and worked together as a global effort.

    On seeing this and the growing number of nations calling for an investigation, China felt the pressure to respond appropriately. It would be difficult to put up tariffs and other trade restrictions on so many nations or else it would hurt China economically speaking. Something had to change. China has grudgingly come around to accepting an investigation of some sort.

    Or will there be more repercussions for Australia? Apparently there will be. China knows of no other way to behave with other nations except to bully them into submission as the only way to change people's perception of China to hopefully one that is more positive. And yet China still chooses to do more embarrassing things to the people of Hong Kong, certain minority groups in the nation, and now the treatment of certain Western nations that call for an investigation. The nation remains unable to, and quite possibly incapable of, applying the principle of love in helping the world and not just its own people as a proper global citizen should. This is proven by the way China is now prepared to send students who wave a Hong Kong flag to prison for life. What? Life in prison? Not even rehabilitation and an opportunity to be released from prison? That is not the principle of love.

    If an investigation is to go ahead, China was quick to select the WHO as the only people in the world to conduct such an investigation, and for the work to commence after the pandemic has ended (whenever that will occur, which is likely to be many years from now, and hopefully enough of the key witnesses have died from Covid-19 not to reveal any secrets from China as the likely reason for this delay). Without causing more angst to China, all nations have agreed at the United Nations to have this investigation with WHO heading it only because it will keep China happy. Don't worry, China is already an embarrassment on the world stage.

    But given how determined China is in presenting the kind of evidence it wants the world to see through the WHO as well as go on a campaign of creating and distributing information on social media and other publishing platforms to show China in a positive light and presumably doing the right thing — with assistance from Russia (mind you, Russia will only help other nations if it has the same or very similar political system or has helped enough Russian males to get rich from the sale of weapons to dictators in those nations, but hardly would give a rat's arse about Western nations and what they might be going through) — and attacking other nations for supporting the investigation, it is likely the investigation will end up being a waste of time. This is something the Australian foreign minister Marise Payne has considered and has been thinking along these lines (and mainly because the minister wants to return to the economic greatness when it did not antagonize China in such truth seeking measures).

    China is not the kind of nation that will be honest and open about the pandemic matter with anyone except itself (and quite possibly with Russia).

    Focused on the here-and-now moment and trying to look positive at every turn (and, if necessary, to make other nations look inferior or no better off than China), China thought it might have a point scoring opportunity to get back at Australia, saying Australia's recommendation was entirely different from the one accepted by other nations at the UN. Well, it would be nice if another organisation independent of all political influence (including China, Australia and the US) be involved in the investigation. Nothing wrong with suggesting this. But at the end of the day, it does not matter. If an investigation is going to be conducted impartially and ends up that way, Australia is perfectly happy to accept it, whether or not it is with the WHO. Indeed, if Santa Claus was a scientist, Australia would be more than happy for him to do the investigation knowing that he has no political influence from China or any other nation. The perfect independent investigator. What is key here is the term "impartial investigation".

    Still, the Chinese leaders remain unhappy. The continuing unhappy stance being displayed by this nation is strongly suggesting that any impartial investigation will not only not be in China's interest, but it may reveal something else. The nation is hoping the passage of time will hide all sins and the final report will eventually support its preferred position and get all nations to sing the same praise book at the end of it. It is not looking like this is a simple and honest mistake made by a researcher in a Chinese lab. There is something else potentially more sinister about why the work had to be carried out that could be of great concern for China if the world found out. Or maybe it is the who or what is being used as the testing subject that could be immensely disagreeable among world nations. Whatever it is, China remains extraordinary unhappy about learning how it all began.

    It reminds women of the way men generally behave when they are at, or very near, the top of their profession or position of power. To give an example, an unusual number of mostly older male dentists will often think they know best at everything and does not expect to be questioned about any aspect of what they do to patients. A typical male dentist will think everyone must accept or tolerate whatever he does to the patient because in his mind he must be right all the time. So he goes about using his large hands and fingers to force apart the patient's mouth in order to access the teeth and do the work. Doesn't matter about the discomfort to the patient; the male dentist believes this is a normal part of his job. Patients must live with it, or else they will get no dentistry work done. Mainly to save time, the male dentist will often settle on a higher amount of pain killers to use prior to drilling the teeth. Do a quick drilling or two, fill the holes, a quick mouth wash, and out you go. Next patient please! Anyone who questions any aspect of this procedure and the male dentist will suddenly think he is inadequate, unprofessional, or shows a "Who do you think you are to question my methods?" kind of attitude. Or else the dentist will think the patient is wasting his time.

    Sounds familiar?

    But then you get a female dentist. Hands are smaller, nice. You mention how long the last anaesthetics lasted (say 12 hours). Incredibly the female dentist listens and learns. Quickly she realises the dosage might be a little too high, so she provides half the dosage for you. Much better. There is extra care and time to sandblast the hole for a cleaner surface. A quality filling that properly does the job and lasts much longer. And if you ask any question, the female dentist is more than happy to explain the situation.

    There is clearly a massive difference in the way women and men approach their fellow human beings and behave when they receive information that could potentially require some form of adjustment or re-balancing of their position or even just to explain why prior to imposing the changes on others. It would be wise of male leaders who do reach these lofty positions of power. to stop acting like they are God with ultimate authority and power. A good leader always listens and learns from the people around him/her.

    In China, Jinping is giving the impression he is God and his Chinese officials are demigods. No mere human mortals can question their judgement or ask why or how it happened. What says goes and no dissent will be tolerated, even if the reasons are justified and is causing harm to certain people.

    With the Chinese equivalent of a God by the name of Jinping running the country, he is still fuming over what should be a relatively simple scientific investigation into the present pandemic. A simple report to show how to prevent this pandemic from happening again. There would not even be a word in the final report that would be highly critical about China. About the most that might come out of this investigation are recommendations on what China and the rest of the world can do to prevent another pandemic.

    The Chinese leaders do not seem to like it one bit.

    Realising it cannot control democratic nations with the kind of level of precision a Swiss watchmaker can do with an intricate timepiece outside the Chinese borders, Chinese President Xi Jinping has noticed the last vestiges of a democratic system remaining in his country — Hong Kong. Knowing it is technically owned by China, Jinping feels he might exercise his powers to force Hong Kong to become part of the Chinese mainland and under communist rule (with all the usual controls on information sources).

    At first, there was an initial suggestion by Chinese leaders to have the city joined politically, economically and culturally with the Chinese mainland. Hong Kong residents have quite rightly understood the important implications in this move — namely that Hong Kong and its people would come under communist rule. And that means any signs of social unrest, such as a protest march through the city, or some individuals or organisations expressing views that may be somewhat critical of the Chinese government (and probably for good reasons too given the nature of this type of government in controlling the population), would be quashed by any brutal means. Basically there would be no learning, especially for those in a position of power.

    Without any further communications from the Chinese leaders about what all this would mean for Hong Kong residents, and with attempts to extradite some pro-democracy protesters, the city became the centre of recent social unrest and political protests. Rather than alleviating fears people have in the move and perhaps provide some concessions as part of a negotiation process to maintain the way of life and relative freedoms of the people for which the city has become famously known and economically prosperous throughout the world, it led to a sizeable portion of the Hong Kong residents led by numerous university students to go on the streets to protest. The size of the protests and the length of time they persisted did not sway the Chinese government. Even though the protests were peaceful (with pockets of violence unleashed by Hong Kong police that supported China and wanted to show the violence on Chinese TV as a way of getting the Chinese leaders to do something about it) caused significant disruption to the economy of the city. No doubt, this must have reduced revenue for China. But still the Chinese leaders kept quiet. Why? The only option left for Jinping was to consider bringing in the Chinese Army to control the size of the population protesting on the streets. But it clearly would not be a good look on the world stage, and quite likely China would lose access to markets in other nations in proceeding with this action.

    Now, with Jinping angry about the investigation, it does not really matter. If there was even the slightest possibility that the city's residents could have been nice about it and agreed to the change while perhaps negotiating on certain privileges enjoyed by the residents of Hong Kong in the kindest way possible, perhaps there could have been some leeway from the Chinese government to allow the city to remain autonomous in some form or another (whatever that might mean). Not anymore. Following calls by some democratic nations for an independent investigation into the pandemic, Jinping feels he must punish democratic systems, and would use Hong Kong as an example to show what he can do (and presumably people will remember him as a great leader).

    To show his strength on the world stage, the changes to Hong Kong will soon be made and enforced by the Chinese Army. Jinping has ordered his army to prepare for war in the city should the civil unrest spill over into the streets and fighting commences. Unfortunately, despite the size of the army capable of changing any political system in China to something more balanced and able to solve social problems in a peaceful way, there are too many supporters within the army of the way communism is run in China within the military to do anything different. With no known abilities within the army to solve social problems by alternative means and in a peaceful way, it means the people who will be hurt by this are those Hong Kong residents wanting the city to remain more independent, somewhat democratic if possible under the circumstances, and have a certain sense of autonomy from the Chinese mainland.

    It is so unfortunate.

    If only Jinping was a compassionate and open-minded leader willing to learn new ways of doing things, to listen to a broader number of people with different points-of-views, and to think and find a balance that would bring greater hope and prosperity to all of its people, then he would have become one of the wisest and most loved world leader the world has ever known. What a pity.

    Very soon the fears of the Hong Kong residents will be realised and proven once the Chinese army enters the city. It is exactly what the residents had feared all along by having those changes put on Hong Kong. No need for a crystal ball gazer to see where all this is going.

    On the positive side, a proposal in late February by local Chinese administration officials in the city of Wuhan on a possible ban of wild animals for human consumption has become a reality on 20 May 2020. Not only that, but Wuhan will have a "wildlife" sanctuary as a means of educating the public on the value of wildlife on Earth and in looking after them. Chinese people must access healthier food sources instead. Well done!

    It is unclear whether this decision will extend throughout China. One can only say it is a reasonable start, and a welcome one indeed.

    Beyond that, China is setting the world standard in testing of a large number of people and enforcing strict social isolation. If the world can learn anything from China in the face of the current pandemic, Chinese officials are the experts. However, anything from the past that might reveal how it all began is not something China is willing to entertain itself or allow the world to learn from. There is something far more disturbing that had taken place and China is doing all it can to hide it. It is likely we may never know for sure exactly how the pandemic started due to the way China controls the information and decides what the world will see.

    For what was probably a mistake by a Chinese researcher studying a virus in a lab that got out and only requires improving the situation and letting the world know what they need to do to prevent this pandemic from happening again, China still prefers to get angry with Australia (and coincidentally the nation, together with the United States, is experiencing an increased level of hacking from sophisticated state entities — China believes the hacking is coming directly or indirectly from the United States with assistance from certain American supporters in Australia and quite possibly Israel, but then again someone sympathetic to China could be helping to do the hacking too; so either it is Russia, Iran or North Korea) all because Australia wanted to learn the full story. Perhaps as a further technique to teach Australia a lesson, China has chosen to find something to criticise Australia. As of 10 June 2020, China warned its citizens not to visit Australia due to some overt examples of "racism" displayed by poorly-educated Australians due to the fear they have of Chinese people spreading the virus. Fair enough. Australia accepts the criticism. We applaud China in raising this important issue, so much so that the Australian government is on a campaign to educate those silly Australians not to blame all Chinese people. The only way to solve this problem is to work together.

    NOTE
    November 2019

    China seems remarkably confident in the origin of this increased hacking on Australian servers. And indeed, looking to the past, we do see China is quick to point the finger of blame at the United States whenever someone else does the same on China, whoever they may be. Sounds like China has a technique or piece of technology to tell the Chinese government where the hacking is coming from. In that case, why not send it through to Australia? Australia would welcome any technology the Chinese are using to determine which country the hackers are from. So long as the technbology is kept open-source so we can check the coding and can see the chips are standard off-the-shelf variety to show there is no funny business going on here.

    Who knows? Perhaps the United States is making sure Australia stays close to America by being anonymous and timing the hacking to make the Australian Government think it is probably coming from China given the current tensions between the two nations. It would probably be a good step forward for China and to improve relations between itself and Australia to prove where these sophisticated and presumably anonymous hackers are coming from. Certainly the Australian Government is myopic about the United States when we see how often the Australian officials avoid mentioning the Americans thinking they are on the side of Australia. Now really? How do we know for sure if America is not hacking Australian servers? Has anyone confirmed this fact?

    Remember that it is not as if the United States would not have the sophisticated capabilities of performing this kind of hacking on Australia if it wanted to. If China can help, Australia can quickly see who is doing the hacking.

    Speaking of working together, is there anything Australia can do to help China to prevent any future pandemics from taking place again? A new state-of-the-art virology lab? So long as the work is for peaceful purposes as a means of developing a universal vaccine to handle all respiratory viruses, that is fine. Do you want safer food sources for the people of China? No problems. We are happy to share our resources. We think China is an important nation to look after. Would you like us to share our knowledge of a Covid-19 vaccine so we can work together to reach a global solution? Okay, let's do it. But please don't hack Australian servers.

    And while we are at it, is there anything China can do to stop the sale of wildlife in the country? And can China show it has new research labs to better handle these more infectious diseases from spreading? If so, there will be nothing for the world to say about China of a potentially negative nature. Then we can move on and remove the above text, sing the praises of China's brilliant efforts to fix the mistake and control the spread of the virus with such professionalism, and start from scratch as China would want.

    Unfortunately this is not how China wants to be seen.

    We may not expect China to be compassionate with all of its citizens (and some foreigners who visit the nation) and show a willingness to help everyone, be curious about the diversity of life and human views, and learn and seek a more balanced position, the world can at least try to set a shining example of how to do it right. If that means helping Chinese/Hong Kong people to find a safer place to live, then so be it.

    No matter how it started and what needs to be done to prevent this situation happening again, a worldwide pandemic now exists thanks to this new virus. The relative ease of catching the virus even from people with no or mild symptoms not to mention the way most people like to socialise (known in the microbiology world as super spreaders) that want or have to meet people on a regular basis, and how the current economic system has been structured to force people to come together to work, to buy things, and have people moving around the world inside confined spaces in transport vehicles, airports and other centralised locations for allegedly important business meetings or to have holidays means that the virus has effectively become a worldwide pandemic.

    Why do people come together to work? It is mainly:

    1. To prove to employers that you are doing your job and putting in your hours in a predominantly L-brain society where everything must be observed because we cannot trust people to do the work and/or employers are looking to exploit people to do more work for the same amount of time if they can find a way to discover people are getting too efficient and have extra time.
    2. To satisfy people's desire to constantly socialise.
    3. Some jobs must be performed from certain locations, such as customer service jobs that require contact with customers from a central location.

    It is inevitable that a large proportion of people throughout the world will get Covid-19. Containment is no longer possible other than to request people to stay home for at least two weeks (preferably longer in about 10 per cent of cases that can last 28 days, and an even longer period of up to four months for a smaller percentage of mostly older people or those with low immunity responses to properly clear the infections and perhaps an even longer period of time among those described as asymptomatic until the virus is properly eliminated) for just the slightest indication of going under the weather, including a runny nose, a sore throat, and experiencing unexpected coughs and sneezing. Certainly, if you develop a temperature reminiscent of a fever and there are signs that you have breathing difficulties and/or feeling fatigue or body aches, you need to call a medical clinic (don't visit your GP or hospital).

    However, it is also possible for people to show no symptoms. In which case, you can still cause asymptomatic transmission of the virus to others. These are the people who are likely to carry the virus through to a wider number of people and, potentially, initiate multiple waves of infection if the right measures to controlling the spread are not implemented and maintained long enough. Currently, the only solutions available to stopping the virus spread are:

    1. Keeping your distance from other people (dogs, cats and other pets appear not to get Covid-19 and should be safe to touch so long as they have not been touched by infected human strangers; however, the world's first Covid-19 infected animal other than humans, bats and pangolins has surfaced).
    2. Taking the vaccine for Covid-19, when it becomes available.
    3. If steps 1 and 2 are not taken, the only remaining solution is to allow for herd immunity to take hold (which means 15 per cent of older people and a fraction of 1 per cent of young people will die, while the rest of the population will survive and develop the natural immunity to the virus).

    As the authorities are understandably concerned mainly because a lot of the people who make decisions and in a posotion of power tend to be older people (as well as the fact that much of the population is generally older), if we are to save as many older people as we can (which could be a family member), it is clear steps 1 and 2 are the best options and the ones we must focus on.

  • Of course, younger people who think they are invincible and are currently wanting to push the world in the right and positive direction, such as properly tackling climate change with renewable energy solutions, controlling excessive profit and the constant power driven mentality of older males, finding alternative food sources, rebuilding the environment, being more compassionate with people, and giving everyone a fair go in contributing original and creative solutions in different areas of society, the preference is for step 3. Then younger people will have a better chance to make decisions about where to take society and so give everyone greater hope for the future. To counteract this view, authorities and the media have made efforts to find and televise examples of young people with no known health problems or complications dying from Covid-19. The cases are rare compared to the number of older people who have died from the virus, but it is one way of challenging young people's views on the Covid-19 situation.

    Another approach is to show a specific group of people who are being affected the most by this virus, irrespective of age. In this case, the dark-skin coloured community (e.g., African-Americans, Australian aborigines and so on). Authorities estimate that this group of people are nearly 6 times greater to die from the virus than the white community. Is this a genetic thing? Probably not. What complicates the situation is that most of the people affected by the virus tend to be living in poverty and not eating proper and wholesome foods to build up a strong immunity response. For example, Vitamin D has been implicated in controlling respiratory infections (including those created by viruses). Reduce the Vitamin D intake or production in the skin (by keeping out of sunlight for too long), and the risk of lung infections increases. When we see this lack of healthy food and lifestyle being played out, more younger people in the same group as well as older people are likely to struggle to recover and even die from Covid-19.

    As of 21 April 2020, the range of people who are likely to get affected the most by Covid-19 symptoms has expanded to those living in polluted areas. If there are high levels of nitrogen dioxide in the air and people breathe this molecule, the lungs deteriorate over time. Should these people also get infected by the virus, the lungs must fight harder to get the oxygen into the body.

    Then there are further complications should this happen. Should the virus count be high enough and oxygen levels are too low, it can affect the blood supply in a way that can increase blood clotting and eventually lead to strokes in the brain. And it does not matter what the age of the person is. Young and old are equally likely to get this even if no prior complications or issues had existed. It generally requires a strong immunity response and a healthy cardiovascular system with healthy and clean lungs to have the best chance of dealing with the virus attack.

    Assuming we want to keep as many people alive as we can and while the vaccine is not yet ready, it is clear that we must all apply physical distancing measures with one another (not social distancing as people can still be social from a remote location thanks to our technology) as the fundamental way of controlling the spread of the virus. This simply means going home and resting as soon as you feel unwell (e.g., the slightest indication of a sore throat, runny nose, and a temperature). Even if you are feeling okay, physical distancing is essential in everyday life until the vaccine is ready for distribution and everyone has had the jab. This includes going to the supermarkets, visiting hospitals, filling up the car with petrol, or any place where people are likely to congregate. To help you remember the importance of this step, imagine everyone are docile zombies. If you get too close, the zombies could grab you and give you a nasty bite. Keep your distance, and the zombies cannot do anything to you.

    The biggest problem authorities have with this virus, apart from being highly contagious, is not knowing whether the person next to you has the virus (as the symptoms could be virtually non-existent, not just during the early stage of getting the virus until the symptoms suddenly appear up to a week later, and even then it could be extremely mild, or no symptoms at all for some people throughout the entire period when the virus is present in the body).

    If you are feeling unwell, don't try to soldier on by coming to work with something as mild as the sniffles and later end up coughing and sneezing all over the place. People will definitely not appreciate it.

    Another major weakness of economic systems is how some governments do not trust people to make reasonable decisions to stay home (even with a doctor's medical certificate) and be given as many days as is reasonable to ensure people properly recover from the flu, colds, and now Covid-19. Often you must constantly go to the doctor or pharmacist to provide a medical certificate lasting a maximum of three days (but gets shorter after the first visit because the assumption is that it is probably just the common cold and people should get back to work as quickly as possible, even if the virus is still lingering in the body). In addition, limited sick days are provided, and casual/contract workers get no sick days. So they are forced to infect other people when coming to work to earn an income. This draconian approach to employment for the most vulnerable workers (let alone permanent workers with some sick leave) should be long gone by now. This is the 21st century. People should be treated as human beings. Give people adequate rest and recovery. Governments must take reasonable steps to lead their nations' economic systems by legislating that all vulnerable workers will receive income protection during sick leave and to give financial support to businesses to ensure everything ticks over and worker's jobs are protected at this difficult time, especially when the workers can prove their sickness to a doctor and need adequate time to recover.

    The greatest concern with this virus outbreak will be the elderly, and anyone with lung problems (e.g., people who smoke or have some other complication) as well as reduced immunity response (mainly because of other health problems, but not necessarily because of Covid-19; in fact, improving your immunity response does not stop you getting the virus, but it could aid in your recovery and reduce the symptoms). For these people, it is highly recommended that they be given a quality P2-class or higher filtration air mask. Authorities may request that medical professionals have priority to these limited products. but it still remains essential for anyone who is not sure they are infected or have come from infected countries and intend to walk around in public. The virus survives for 2 hours travelling on very fine water droplets from a sneeze. If a person is merely coughing without covering the mouth, you should be no less than 3 metres when facing the individual. If the person is sneezing without covering the mouth, you need to be standing further away. An MIT study has shown slow-motion B&W film of droplets from a sneeze travelling a distance of 8 metres. So you need to stand more than 8 metres. To allow for closer contact, the person doing the coughing or sneezing must cover their mouth by any reasonable means. Beyond that, standing 1.5 metres behind or side-on to another person is sufficient. However, if an infected person sneezes or coughs, a quality air mask will stop the droplets. Even without sneezing, touching a surface by an infected person also requires care. You need to be aware that the virus can survive on a surface of door handles, tables, chairs and other surfaces for anywhere between 4 hours to 9 days (possibly longer if the conditions are colder and more humid in the air or there is moisture on the surface).

    When droplets from a typical sneeze lands on a surface, the lifespan of the virus varies significantly. A study published in March 2020 in the New England Journal of Medicine has revealed the following facts at a certain fixed temperature and humidity:

    1. Copper: The virus can survive on the surface for up to 4 hours.
    2. Cardboard: Up to a day (but other studies suggest up to 36 hours or as little as 12 hours).
    3. Plastic: Approximately 6.8 hours (but other studies suggest up to 72 hours).
    4. Stainless steel: Approximately 5.6 hours (but other studies suggest up to 72 hours).

    The lipid surface structure of the virus has been found to be quite delicate. A bit of detergent or alcohol is enough to affect the surface structure and break it apart. Thus the viruses can be killed in a matter of seconds.

    If you do get the virus, it can linger in the body for up to 14 days for most people (the symptoms may seem mild for first 6 days, but will worsen quickly; the most difficult time will be from day 8 to 10; if you survive, things will quickly get better over the next three to four days). For about 10 per cent of infected people, Chinese researchers claim it can be as long as 28 days. And as of mid-March 2020, the latest research suggests that an even smaller percentage of people my require up to 4 months to be fully cleared of the virus. And if that is found to be true, we should expect multiple waves of the virus to spread across the community unless strict physical distancing measures are maintained for at least 4 months. A difficult thing to do while male leaders are eager to restart the economy as soon as possible. Hence there is a high risk that the authorities may relax physical distancing measures too quickly

    Should that be the case, the only solution we have left is the vaccine, which will not be available until 2021. And even then, there is already evidence as of 11 May 2020 that the virus has performed some mutations in certain countries, especially in regards to the protein spike used to latch onto human cells. It would appear that the virus is learning to adapt to its human host and becoming more effective at infecting people. Vaccines work best if the protein spike is of a specific genetic design. If the protein spike has changed to some mutated form, the work of finding a vaccine for Covid-19 will have to start from scratch.

    This would suggest that society and how we conduct business and perform work will radically change forever as a result of this virus outbreak.

    Assuming we can quickly clamp down on the virus through an effective vaccine, already there is a massive effort around the world to find the vaccine. It would appear that Queensland researchers have a vaccine cure and are looking for volunteers to go on a drug trial. Dr Lisa Jackson is also leading a team in the United States with their own vaccine solution. If this is true, then this could be the game-changer world governments are looking for.

    Authorities were talking about 18 months away for the vaccine to arrive. Now it is looking closer to 9 months.

    The work by scientists to find a vaccine started in January 2020. In mid-March, the vaccine was developed. Preliminary tests performed in the laboratory has proven the vaccine to be extremely effective (even better than the influenza vaccine). To determine a safe level to inject into humans, Australia has sent the vaccine samples to the Netherlands for an animal study. After that, human trials can begin as early as July 2020. Complementing this trial is the decision to accelerate the process of mass producing the vaccine (a risky business decision not normally taken for other vaccines but the scientists are confident the Covid-19 vaccine will be okay for humans).

    The efforts to distribute a vaccine for Covid-19 on a large-scale will culminate around January 2021 when the vaccine is released to the public.

    Working side-by-side with the vaccine work is the effort by researchers at the University of Monash. The work has discovered the effectiveness of an anti-parasite drug called ivermectin to significantly reduce the number of Covid-19 viruses in the body within 24 hours, and kill them all off completely in 48 hours. Efforts are being made to determine a safe level of dosage for humans and to conduct a trial on infected persons to see its effectiveness.

    Whichever solution gets the go-ahead for human use, if you want to prolong the time before you eventually get infected, you need to avoid touching;

    1. strangers (and even family members if they do have the infection, although this will be difficult when living under the one roof); and
    2. public surfaces in shops, public toilets, cinemas and anywhere there is likely to be plenty of people congregating.

    Don't think about the adults only. Consider the children attending schools and what they might be doing to spread the virus. Yes, even those little ankle biters (thank goodness they are not zombies) are susceptible to getting Covid-19. And they can spread it far and wide.

    We all know children are brilliant at attracting germs and viruses, and spreading them all over the place. Playing in the school yard and touching things that most adults would generally cringe and run away from ("Now is that a brown mouse I see over there? Let me pick it up and have a closer look.") is just a normal part of a kid's life. They will even pick their nose if the opportunity arises with such gusto and eventually suck the end of their snot-laden finger like it was a lollypop. Despite what adults might think about all of this, we must remember that this is precisely the right thing to do from a biological viewpoint when it comes to strengthening the immune system. If you want children to have a "kick ass" strong immunity response to fight off foreign materials, you must let them get exposed to many bugs as they can handle. As a result of this, one should expect children to be better at handling Covid-19. And generally that is true. But we do need to be aware of some exceptions — in fact, some people as young as 14 years of age have died from Covid-19 and with no prior health issues. Furthermore, children are great spreaders of viruses and germs and something that adults need to monitor more carefully than usual.

    If anyone can spread the virus far and wide and do a good job at it, it will be the children. To reduce the spread, schools should close (certainly they will close if a student is found to be infected and has attended classes with other students). Not all will agree with this move. Some nations, notably Australia, will be desperate to keep them open on the basis that it will protect the elderly people and those parents who are essential workers in the economy (for example, those medical professionals with children are not forced to go home to look after the children). For Catholic-based independent and private schools, the Federal government is already paying teachers and staff their salary, so there is an expectation for the schools to stay open, which is just another way of saying it is better for kids to infect one another with Covid-19 in a school environment so long as they do not go home and infect the rest of the family. Whether that is a good idea or not, at the end of the day, it won't make any difference whether to stay at school or at home. Eventually enough students will get infected and spread the virus. Either everyone should be properly kept in isolation for a period of time, or face the reality that the virus will be transmitted from person-to-person to everyone, including the elderly, which is the unfortunate result of all of this.

    No doubt the authorities will try very hard to crack down on anyone not following the rules of self-isolation for an extended period of time.

    A good decision by the Australian government on 19 March 2020 to eventually ban international flights to Australia for non-Australian residents. Approximately 80 per cent of all infectious cases are due to people coming to Australia and not aware of their symptoms. Australian citizens can come back home (as of 22 March, no Australians can return home, but the government is working with Qantas to arrange for flights to bring back Australians stuck overseas), but must immediately go into isolation for a minimum of 14 days followed by testing to confirm they are cleared. Unfortunately, not all Australians who do return from overseas are adhering to this quarantine rule. For these overseas Australians arriving home, they will face strict quarantine measures enforced by the army inside hotels

    Then there are those already infected within the nation and spreading the disease. It would appear that either some people could be flaunting the physical distancing rules, or there is something about this virus that is making it harder for people to tell the difference or notice the symptoms.

    For example, a number of (mostly younger) Australians usually avoid watching the news mainly because of the amount of doom and gloom messaging that gets shown. People prefer to think positive and focus on their lives and social interactions. If this is true, then perhaps the time has come to radically change the media landscape over the kinds of stories people read. How about showing the benefits of staying home and away from work while Covid-19 is yet to be eradicated? Think about the extra sleep you can get and the subsequent improvements to the immune system from doing so. When people are awake, there is more time to be innovative and get things done at home. Watch the latest good news stories about what is happening on the vaccine front, and the kind of future we could be heading when the virus is gone. New jobs. New way of working. Even the sight of clear skies free of pollution in China and other nations, new job opportunities for budding young photographers ready to take pretty pictures of nations in a cleaner environment to help prepare for the economic boom in tourism to come, the "care army" established to help elderly people, less carbon dioxide emissions in the air, and now we hear the ozone layer is "healing" itself thanks to the less pollution. Surely all these things must provide a welcome relief from the regular bad news. Seriously, give people a good reason to stay indoors, watch the news, and do the right thing on the Covid-19 front by seeing the positive things today and things we can hope to bring for the future.

    Then there are the inconsistent and changing messages coming from the authorities on what is okay to do, and what is not. Just to give an example, the authorities were quick to say recently that it is not okay for people to get on a beach or sit in a park when suddenly there is a large gathering taking place. Yet people are confused by the messaging they receive about this because (i) they are getting fresh air and not getting cooped up in an air-conditioned office with other people working in the same place; (ii) when they arrived at the beach or park, there were few people, and even when it reached a peak, the separation distance was at least 1.5 metres or more as in a supermarket (where people stand, so why not sit down as well?); (iii) the maximum indoor gatherings accepted in Australia was 100 people, so why not 100 people outside too?; and (iv) in Germany the maximum number of people that can be seen walking (or sitting) together (i.e., under 1.5 metres) is 2 and both should be family members, but no such extreme measures were seen to be in place in Australia. So why not 3 or 5 family members? And, of course, people in parks and beaches do have to walk around occasionally. Indeed, people are permitted to go outside to get some exercise. So long as they observe the minimum distance of 1.5 metres, it should be fine, right? So you can start to see the confusion people are having with the rules. Now it seems like the requirement from the authorities have suddenly changed (yet again) to say that Australians can no longer be seen in any close proximity to other people in any gatherings, but keep yourselves isolated indoors.

    Then there are another group of people who have kind of listened to the news but remain partly in denial and think it is just another flu. Well, the symptoms are very similar, and most people survive it. So what is the big fuss other than to protect the older members of our community? There is nothing we can do about it if some older people die until the vaccine arrives. Might as well live it up a little. The same is true of some Australian men who will still come in to the men's change rooms of gyms coughing and spluttering (and clearing the throat) a number of times thinking they only have the common cold. Are you sure about that? How about doing something nice for people by staying home and recovering from whatever you think you have got for the sake of the health of your fellow human beings? This becomes a more essential action when it comes to Covid-19 because it is more infectious. With the ordinary flu, you will usually infect on average about 1.3 to 1.4 other people. Then those people will infect another 1.3 to 1.4 other people and so on. By the time this is repeated ten times, your flu would have infected 14 people. With the dreaded Covid-19, you can easily infect at least 2.5 and probably closer to 3 other people. If the disease spreads tens times, you will have infected anywhere between 59,000 and 78,000 people. This is the way infectious diseases spread, which is exponential in nature until something can stop or reduce the growth by some action. So yes, the symptoms are very similar, but Covid-19 can affect far more people in a short space of time, and so overwhelm the medical services. And it has added potency in the way it can affect the lungs and make it difficult to breathe for people with limited lung capacity through age or some other medical condition, and the immune system is not effective at creating enough antibodies quickly enough to fight the virus.

    As of 23 March 2020, all gyms have closed to enforce this physical distancing requirement and keep people at home if they are sick. Boot camps done outdoors were allowed a maximum of 10 people to participate, but has dropped to just 2 people. Beyond that, you should try to take regular outdoor exercises such as walking, running and performing sit ups away from others (if you see anyone getting close to you, pretend you have a disease by coughing and clearing your throat profusely; it is amazing how quickly people more away from you), or perform the exercises inside your home. For creative ways to exercise at home, visit YouTube.

    And if you see the police in the area checking on people and you are sitting down on the grass for some time in some local park, make sure it looks like you are exercising (i.e., doing sit ups). In that way the police will think you are there for the right reasons.

    As for the physical distancing rules, this goes against what is natural for most people to do. So you will find some people struggling to keep away from others. You may overhear a young student say to her friend, "OMG. I can’t believe I am not going to see you for 5 weeks". Few people are comfortable living on their own for extended periods of time. The majority prefer almost constant attention and/or social interactions with others to help make them feel less depressed and/or have that feeling that they are being loved or needed by another person. To solve this predicament, people must find creative ways to interact with people online rather than in person for the time being.

    However, the biggest concern for Australia has to be the premature release of infected passengers from the Ruby Princess cruise liner in Sydney, and it is not surprising that the number of cases of infected persons in Australia have jumped up since 16 March. This one ship has been the major cause for most of the infections within Australia. And now, combined with infected people showing asymptomatic symptoms, the problem has spread. Only in recent times and through effective physical distancing measures have Australians been able to control and reduce the rate of infections in the community. Now it is becoming just a question of whether the numbers are low enough to be controlled for any isolated outbreaks to allow the economy to re-open and continue with business as usual.

    To minimise the transmission of Covid-19 (but probably not something that we can completely eliminate until the vaccine arrives), everyone entering the borders of a nation should be tested and kept in quarantine and in isolation until the results show a negative result. People on cruise liners should be kept on the boats, but a group of medical professionals and a team of cleaners should come onboard to test all the crew and passengers, and to clean the ships as thoroughly as possible. Extra food and fuel supplies should be provided. Those people identified as having been infected need to be isolated to one part of the ship and monitored. Uninfected people should be at the opposite end and given adequate fresh air, food, and opportunities to talk to their families back at home. Any extra medical help needed can do so by sending in the extra medical equipment needed on board the ships.

    As for everyone else already inside the nation, not only must you stay home when you have a sore throat, but you should stay home to minimise the risk of infection from close contact with another person (who might be infected). There is very little you can do with family members living under the same roof. Living in separate rooms may help to some extent but eventually if one member gets infected, you can be sure the entire family will get it. This is more an isolation by households. Furthermore, you must maintain the separation distance with other people when you go out to get essential supplies. In addition to this are the hygiene requirements. Always keep your hands as clean as possible on a regular basis. Use the supplied sanitary tissue dispenser in the supermarkets to clean your hands and wipe down the surfaces of carrying basket handles. Or wear thin gloves (and a mask) and when you get home, wash the gloves (and mask, or replace it) and clean the door knobs or handles on the front door to your home. Then take a shower to clean yourself, and wash your clothes you have just worn after going outside.

    If you don't like to wear gloves, purchase a hand sanitizer with at least 60 per cent alcohol content (and the rest can be water), and use it regularly. Alcohol in a bit of water is an effective means of destroying viruses and germs, including the dreaded Covid-19. Authorities will also recommend the water and soap treatment to washing hands as the cheaper option to help avoid mass panic from people overbuying bottles of sanitisers. In fact, there is an effort to encourage people to use soap and water only by writing articles to show that hand sanitisers do not work. What the articles often fail to mention is that hand sanitisers with a reasonable amount of alcohol is more than effective at killing Covid-19. Authorities only recommend the soap and water approach to allow the alcohol-based sanitisers to be made available to medical professionals who use it the most.

    Having trouble finding an alcohol-based sanitiser? Create your own by diluting 70 percent methylated spirits in 30 percent water. Methylated spirits contains alcohol in the ratio of 94% ethanol, 5% methanol, and 1% of other chemicals (mainly to stop people from drinking this poisonous stuff). Never drink methylated spirits under any circumstances, no matter how desperate people are becoming in purchasing alcoholic drinks from the bottle shop in what they consider to be an essential supply (like toilet paper and all the rest). Or if you must drink something alcoholic as a bit of an escape from reality, replace methylated spirits with a good bottle of Vodka (40% to 95% alcohol content) or Gin (36% to 50% alcohol content). Put the diluted alcohol solution inside a spray bottle and use it on your hands as an effective sanitiser. Otherwise, soap and water still remains a cheap and effective option too.

    As of 30 March 2020, the Australian Federal Government is relaxing rules on accessing alcohol-based sanitisers by allowing people to manufacture their own sanitisers using food-based alcohol sources. This will allow supplies to increase over time.

    Speaking of drinking alcohol, there are a couple of myths we should tackle. The first is the idea that drinking enough alcohol to enter the bloodstream will kill the virus is not entirely true. Whilst alcohol can kill viruses, you need to drink so much alcohol to kill all the Covid-19 viruses in the body that you might as well be dead anyway. If you need evidence of this claim, just read this article. A sufficiently high proof alcoholic drink may kill viruses in the lining of the mouth cavity, tongue, and a bit of a gargle to kill whatever is in the throat region may help. But there are far too many of these little virus critters on the lining of the lungs and throughout the body. The only effective solution is to get the body to create its own antibodies and let them work their way through all the biological nooks and crannies where viruses may survive and do the job properly of killing the viruses.

    The second is not so much a discussion on alcohol but is along similar lines. There has been talk by some people about whether consuming hot foods can kill the virus. The thinking is that scientists say heat kills viruses. This is technically true, but like alcohol, you need the entire body to be immersed in a high enough temperature as well as breathing in hot air to help reduce the number of viruses. Unfortunately, the body cannot be too hot for too long or else organs in the body will collapse. Furthermore, those viruses lingering deeper inside the body can still survive, even if you happen to live in hot and humid areas of the planet, such as in Indonesia or Brazil. The same is true of sitting in a hot bath. The body has a way of maintaining a stable temperature, especially in the torso region where the critical organs lie, of around 36.5°C to 37°C (97.7 to 98.6°F). The only definitive solution here is to allow the body to build up the antibodies needed to combat the viruses.

    Other known facts (based on available evidence as of April 2020):

    1. Covid-19 is not known to be transmitted by mosquitoes.
    2. It is okay to receive packages from a company or business from any area where Covid-19 has been reported. However, packages from individuals could be risky. Businesses and companies have strict rules on cleanliness and ensuring people working there are not carrying Covid-19. The risk is very low in this situation. However, people working from home who send packages to other people could be slightly more problematic because it requires their honesty to show they are free of the virus they may carry. If not, there is a greater risk for other people handling the packages, such as postal workers for the first three days of picking up the packages from the sender. We see this increased risk through the baggage at airports by baggage handlers. As you don't give enough time for baggage at airports to be cleaned or for the virus to die off with time, you will need to wipe the handles and surfaces with an alcohol-based sanitiser or disinfectant spray. With cardboard packages, you should be similarly careful. Consider wiping down the outer surfaces before picking them up. If the item inside the package was sent more than 5 days ago, there is an extremely low risk of contracting Covid-19. Again taken the reasonable precaution of wiping down the item in a similar way for 100 per cent certainty.
    3. Older people are no more susceptible to catching Covid-19 than a younger person. But when older people do catch the virus, the risk is higher for these people to die from the virus.
    4. Rinsing your nose with saline will not protect you from Covid-19. Alcohol solutions can kill the virus, but once you breathe the virus into your body, it usually reaches the back of the throat and that is where it will start before the viruses start working their way to the lungs.
    5. You can exercise outdoors, but don't assume the 1.5 metres spacing from people is sufficient. Authorities have likened the heavy breathing of a person after exercising as equivalent to a person sneezing. The minimum 8 metres from the nearest person is recommended.

    In the end, either we let the body develop the antibodies naturally, or we get a jab of the vaccine when it comes out.

    Unfortunately, with the way things are progressing at the moment, even with tough measures to "flatten the curve" to help the medical services to handle the number of infected cases, all it takes is one unusually extended period of infection for one person who chooses not to get tested and waves of the virus will go through the community. Hopefully the authorities can detect for this, track down the source, and get it under control within reasonable time. However, if it is true there are people who are asymptomatic, they may never know for sure if they ever needed to be tested. And finding these people is going to be hard for the authorities. Already scientists have estimated that for every person identified with Covid-19, there is likely to be ten other people already infected that we don't know about. So whatever official estimates the authorities are giving to the public on the numbers infected, it is likely to be ten times greater. Therefore, the virus will spread. This is going to be a long-running issue and not likely to end in 6 months from now (i.e., in September or even November 2020). Only the vaccine for Covid-19 can promise hope for everyone to get the required immunity and so put an end to this virus. The sooner the trials of the vaccine are completed and in mass-production ready for distribution, the better it will be for everyone.

    Other information you may need to know regarding this virus is that any country with an easy flow of people going in and out (such as in Europe and Asia) are at greatest risk.

    For those already infected within a nation, the next level of weakness is the way the economic system has been structured. There is an inherent in that in order to conduct business and deliver goods and services, people have to travel to get to a destination. But that means a lot of people will be doing the same thing. It is, therefore, natural to see the numbers of people get concentrated during travelling as well as reaching a certain destination point. The same is true of those consumers who need to take a holiday and end up meeting other like-minded holiday lovers on the same transport vehicles and at the same destinations. Even if you are not travelling, goods and services usually have to be offered from a centralised location, and that means within a city. It forces people to come together during the day to get what they need or want and so decrease the spacing between people. Also, the desire by governments to expand populations as a way to get more people to pay their taxes, get jobs, and become consumers for businesses, is forcing more people to come together. Because of this inherent weakness of the system, it can amplify the problems associated with a virus spread. It is expected that some aspects of this system will change in a post-Covid-19 environment. Even now people are changing their ways of conducting business.

    In addition to all of this and with Covid-19 circulating in the community, the ones to be affected the most will be older men (mainly because they choose to smoke cigarettes and have learned to accept the polluted air from their businesses), but older women and anyone who has experienced respiratory infections in the past are also at risk. Also, don't think that young people will not be affected. Some young people have died from Covid-19, but usually because of some other complicating factor that the body could not handle together with combating the coronavirus. However, there have been reports of young people dying from Covid-19 with no other known medical conditions.

    Medical specialists remain unsure exactly how many people are going to be infected throughout the world, so it is irrelevant to say that Covid-19 is not dangerous simply because more people die from the common flu. It is too early to tell. Estimates have it that between 40 and 60 percent of the human population will get infected just because of how infectious this virus is and how difficult the authorities are finding in containing the virus due to the mild symptoms most people will experience. In Germany, authorities have resigned themselves to the fact that up to 70 per cent of the German population will get the virus. Even with a mortality rate of 2 to 3 per cent, that is still going to be in the millions of people around the world who will die. But since 10 per cent of infected people will still carry the virus for up to 28 days, and a smaller percentage may require up to four months to be properly cleared of the virus, we should expect some infected persons to escape quarantine measures and repeat the situation for authorities to control the outbreak. Everyone needs to be provided with a testing kit to determine for themselves whether they are cleared or not. Otherwise, it is expected that we will all get Covid-19 at some point either this year or next year. Only the vaccine will be the saviour, or we let the body provide the natural defences.

    The best recommendation so far is that if you have received a positive result to the virus by medical professionals, you must immediately isolate yourself for 14 days. Thereafter, you must get re-tested every 14 days until such time as you receive a negative reading. Use the testing results as proof to your employer and the government that you need further income support while you are recovering.

    For everyone else who think they are okay, try to see if things can be done at home, or go out infrequently and very early in the mornings where there are the fewest number of people to do your essential things (the authorities recommend you should only be outside to buy essential supplies, going to your workplaces for essential work, or getting some exercise).

    As gyms have closed, exercise at home or a local park, away from other people in the mornings. Do not over exercise or it can reduce your immune response. Enjoy the exercise and be sensible about it (i.e., don't work hard). And if you know you are sick, do not attend any location to exercise where other people are likely to be around.

    As for working during the day, see if your employer can allow the work to be done at home. If not, make sure you do not get confined in a small room (even on your own) for long periods of time and shut off from normal fresh air. Air conditioners are not going to be the safest way to get fresh air. Natural fresh air outside is the best approach.

    As an added complication, people in the southern hemisphere are facing the annual flu season during the winter months between June and August. Already the authorities have quickly learned how difficult it is to separate normal flu symptoms from Covid-19. The latest requirement (and so avoid overburdening the public health system) is to wait until there are clear signs of breathing difficulties or shortness of breath and/or fatigue (and body aches) together with flu-like symptoms (such as coughing, sneezing, a sore throat, a feeling of getting the chills, a high-temperature, and a headache) before seeking medical help. Otherwise, you can be tested more quickly if you know that your flu-like symptoms coincided with meeting someone who has returned from overseas or very soon after you have returned from overseas (you should be at home isolated for 14 days minimum on arrival). And elderly people who get flu-like symptoms should be automatically tested. The suggestion by some authorities that you should know if you were in contact with a known infected person before seeking medical help will not work. You may never know for sure if the people you have met has already contracted the virus (as the symptoms could be extremely mild or non-existent). You must make a reasonable call based on your personal circumstances and the kind of health symptoms you receive. For example, if you strongly believe your respiratory illness arrived unexpectedly and seems too early to get it before the start of winter, then do consider seeking medical help, and especially if you think it has flu-like symptoms, such as a headache and some body aches. Respiratory breathing problems definitely requires medical help. Don't hesitate to seek help here. And if you feel unusually tired and with a sore throat, there is a good chance you have the virus. Therefore, get tested and decide if you need medical help. Otherwise, the only other option to stop the spread of the virus is simply to shut down the economic system and send everyone home and kept in isolation for up to four months (assuming everyone adheres to this rule). That is the best way to stop the virus from spreading.

    As people wait for the Covid-19 vaccine, it is highly advisable to get the latest general flu vaccination (available from April in the southern hemisphere, and October in the northern hemisphere) for the upcoming winter months as this will reduce further complications from things like influenza that could make it harder for the body to combat Covid-19 at the same time. Needless to say, by the time the vaccine for Covid-19 is released, everyone should take it.

    Click here for some advice on what to do to prevent getting Covid-19 and what to be prepared for should you get it.

    Finally, we need to discuss the economic impacts this virus will have and what governments are doing to help the population get through this period.

    Due to the virus or people's fear of it and the decision by consumers to spend only on essentials and save the rest (and changes to investment portfolios of superannuation funds to a more conservative and less risky one), a recession is almost inevitable. It is highly recommended that people get their finances in order. Loans need to be paid off (if this is possible). Certainly pay off the credit cards as the fees are expected to rise. There are government stimulus packages on offer to those who had been supporting the economic system but are financially suffering now. These are designed to help with immediate survival-based needs (i.e., purchase food) and prepare businesses to start up again. If a recession does come (and so far everything is pointing in this direction), this is the time for nations to start innovating and developing new technologies and do it using local materials and labour. Also, we should look at ways to be more self-reliant by re-evaluating our processes and what we do. Relying on other nations for everything is not a good strategy. As the recession sees a shake-up of the old economic system, it is a good idea to be training people in new jobs and prepare them for the next economic boom in selling new technologies to other nations. And those technologies will need to solve major world problems, including climate change.

    Until then, the UK government is currently providing income support to its citizens who have been stood down from their positions by their employers due to the coronavirus. These people will be eligible to 80 per cent of their normal wages for up to 12 months (capped at AU$2,500 per fortnight).

    Canada has done a similar thing to help financially support its citizens.

    From an Australian context, the Australian Federal government has also provided support to many of its citizens in ways that many had not seen in the history of the Commonwealth or since early settlement on the continent. No one saw it coming. The range of support measures are unprecedented and many people welcome the initiative.

    There will be a range of support provided.

    For example, the Australian Federal government will provide a partial wage subsidy plan known as Job Keeper payments to employers looking at retrenching staff because of significant profit loss caused by the coronavirus. It is capped at $1,500 per fortnight for each employee. The amount being offered is decent as it provides around 100 per cent of the wages earned by the lowest paid people in retail, hospitality and tourism, and nearly 70 per cent of the average wages for most other people. To be eligible, you have to be currently employed, or formerly employed until March, in positions that were full-time, permanent part-time, or casual positions lasting more than 12 months. The payments will last 6 months to support 6 million people (and costing $130 billion, but turned out to be closer to $60 billion as only 3.5 million employees would benefit as of 22 May 2020, not the 6.1 million as estimated by the government). But to receive this, employers must also show evidence of a reduction in profit by at least 30 per cent by small to medium businesses, or more than 50% for big businesses. The money is suppose to be provided to employees on the proviso that it will encourage employers to retain their staff using these payments.

    For public servants and other people already receiving significant money from the government, such as private schools, they would not be eligible.

    The only slight teething problem with this otherwise excellent announcement is that nearly all casual positions in the hospitality industry are so temporary and insecure that people are unlikely to stay in the same position for 12 months or more. It is natural and expected of people to move between casual positions, not because they are bad workers, but rather employers are constantly on the look out to find new (and usually younger) casual employees willing to receive less money. Then there are other casuals who choose to leave the jobs after experiencing poor working conditions in hospitality and learning about wage theft from their employers (which hopefully things have improved since the debacle arose in 2019). Furthermore, people in the entertainment industry are naturally expected to have short term employment usually lasting a performance or contract period. Based on this realisation, it is likely we will see many casuals not eligible to receive the Job Keeper payment. In fact, it has been calculated more than 955,000 casuals in all the industries will not be eligible.

    Another thing to bear in mind is that the Job Keeper payments are no guarantee employers will retain staff. It would only delay the inevitable if employers are seeking to do a "human winter clean" of its workforce. Employers can still choose the employees to keep and the rest be replaced or streamlined to what the business needs.

    For other Australians who have lost their jobs before 1 March because of coronavirus, and sole traders/contractors can prove income loss of 20 per cent or more and earning less than $1,100 per fortnight, they will receive the standard Job Seeker income support of $567 and an additional AU$550 known as the Coronavirus Supplement Payment.

    As of 24 March, students on Youth/Austudy/Abstudy Allowance and apprentices are not left out in the financial cold. They can also benefit from this supplement.

    For everyone else in the country already unemployed, the Federal Government has granted them two AU$750 payments (the first arriving sometime between 31 March and 30 April, and the second on 13 July). If you need more money, get a job and get fired at about the same time in order to obtain the extra benefits. As the unemployed are the official disdain of government life, welfare recipients will use the money to pay off bills and perhaps have something left to purchase some extra food, but nothing much more than this. If this is not enough, hopefully these people will have a superannuation fund with adequate amounts in the account. If so, people can take out up to $10,000 in 2020 and another $10,000 in 2021 with almost no delay or other restrictions. Legislation will be changed to allow for this.

    By treating one group of people with such contempt compared to the rest of society (and so further eroding the confidence of the unemployed in getting a job) carries with it a significant risk to society and the economy as a whole. If the Federal Government wants everyone to do the right thing of self-isolating, informing medical professionals of flu-like symptoms, and generally stop the spread of the virus, it is vitally important to treat the unemployed in the same way as everyone else.

    As of 27 March 2020, hotel managers unable to fill rooms have begun to help homeless people by allowing them to stay in the rooms for free.

    As a result of these important changes needed to protect people from excessive loss of income, the Federal Government has effectively acknowledged the standard welfare support known as Job Seeker/Newstart payments of $567 per fortnight is inadequate. This is despite the landlords granting renters an opportunity not to pay their rent given the current circumstances and financial hardship for the next 6 months (and only because the landlords themselves are not required to pay mortgages to the banks). The general cost of living by way of purchasing essential foods and paying general bills, such as electricity, is clearly too high. Even after regular calls from business people and social commentators to increase the Job Seeker payment by $90 for the last 20 years, the Federal Government has been refusing to do so because it wants to cause financial hardship to unemployed people.

    As we learn how the Federal Government has been using the "stick" approach to get the unemployed to accept any job (even low paid and casual jobs if necessary), not-for-profit and small businesses can receive a tax-free cash payment of up to $100,000 with a minimum $20,000 for eligible companies, and take out an interest-free government guaranteed taxpayers loan for small businesses of $250,000 for a term of up to 3 years. Most companies are reluctant to take out more debt. However, this money is meant to encourage business owners to retain their current workers (no guaranteed that it would considering business owners can use the money for any other purpose). And it will force businesses to somehow get going and earning a profit when the economy starts up again.

    For other loans, the banks have agreed not to pressure mortgage holders and businesses to repay the loans for at least the next 6 months.

    Major supermarkets (Coles, Woolworths, IGA and so on) are stepping up to the plate to make home deliveries for those vulnerable older people and those that have to isolate themselves. This will be an important next step to stopping the virus spread.

    Also, it is imperative for governments to get more truck drivers on the roads and transporting supplies to supermarkets. The more people see more shelf space in supermarkets going empty with no signs that anyone is filling them (despite constant reassurances from food manufacturers and the government that it is not a supply problem), the more they will panic and soon start to fight one another for the remaining supplies. Show that everything is under control by getting those essential supplies to people (and carefully rationed to each household) in the stores in a timely manner. As of 24 March, there are some signs that this aspect is improving in the supermarkets (less so out in the major rural towns). Truck drivers should be given a reward for their efforts (beyond the salary they receive) such as a free repairs and maintenance service on each truck involved in transporting supplies during the virus outbreak period. New parts, oil change, new tyres and so on. All taxpayer paid.

    A long time coming but as 2 April 2020, childcare centres can open and look after the children of essential workers and anyone else who is currently working through the pandemic period at no cost to them. A $1.6 billion support package will be used to pay childcare workers with this task. No worker with children needing care will pay for this service.

    Victorian and NSW State governments, and later the ACT Territory government, have decided to shutdown all government schools starting from Tuesday 24 March 2020 (but teachers and other staff are required to continue working and converting handouts to digital form until the official school holidays arrive in early April). Other states and territories have yet to decide if this is the right thing to do. The Federal Government is hoping this will not happen because medical professionals may be forced to return home to look after the students. But as the Scandinavian countries have been doing for some time, maintain a skeleton crew of adults to keep schools open for a fraction of those students that need '"watching over" while essential services from medical professionals can continue to maintain those services.

    All these "socialist-like" measures to support people through the pandemic period will certainly help to cushion the economic blow on a capitalist system that had once forced people for as long as they can remember to earn money and pay their way through life. You would be forgiven into thinking that we were all living in a communist country.

    There is much work to be done on the technological front to avoid another "virus spread"; and if it does, the technology must protect people's privacy, and done ethically. You can learn more about the aims of people in creating this technology today.

    As for the education system, we should expect changes. It is going to be inevitable to move more of the courses online and eventually allow students to learn for themselves from any location. Now the virus has finally accelerated the process. Students with laptops have wondered how to get ahead. In the past, only the smartest top-of-the-class students would spend their free time without homework and in a more relaxed environment during school holidays to read ahead and prepare for the upcoming school term and eventually even for the whole year with the help of their own personal computers. At last, more students will benefit from this approach. So long as students have the skills to learn for themselves, this should be the ay of the future. For everyone else, videos such as Eddie Woo's maths courses or Lawrence Krause on science will be essential to inspire students to learn on their own. For the few students who have no confidence and need regular help, they will be the few to return to school.

    The benefits of a new world order

    This situation would not happen (or at least a far less of a stimulus package delivered) if society had established a new world order that breaks up the economic system into a separate system designed to allow people to work on the land and have their own small homes (with renewable energy generation on the roof or portable wind mills), grow the food, protect the water supplies, and so on. A large population focused on this aspect with people living in their own plot of land (and sharing food with one another) would ensure the virus is never able to get transferred from person-to-person. Only city people are the ones at greatest risk of getting the virus. At the same time, one system can support the other (and vice versa). In that way, city people are guaranteed of fresh and clean food and water and at the same time avert climate change and be more resilient in handling recession and depression periods, and people on the land have the equipment and resources they need to rebuild the environment and make it productive while city people go about developing new technologies and making them available to the world. There is much humans have to learn in the coming years as we head toward more economic pain from climate change (and hopefully no more infectious viruses gets released in the future).

    The benefits of the new health arrangements under Covid-19

    Guess what? After a couple of months of lock downs and telling everyone to wash their hands, not only can we control the spread of cCovid--19, but amazingly so too for all the other viruses that get spread in the winter time. In Australia, the number of people infected by influenza or the flu has dropped by more than 99 per cent. Makes one wonder what people were doing before this pandemic started. Partly due to the way governments and businesses behave towards employees who need time off to recover from infections thinking any more than 3 days and people must feel guilty for not returning to work or made to believe they are "lazy bastards", but also how people just generally don't think about washing their hands, it is amazing how changes to this attitude and giving regular reminders of the need for good hygiene is making a massive difference in the health of the people. Who would have thought a little extra time at home and in the washroom to actually do some hand washing can save the health care system literally millions of dollars and avoid businesses collapsing from any further virus spread in the workplace.

    It will be interesting to see what happens next when the messaging for good hygiene subsides. Will people go back to their old ways?

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    DEAPPLISE

    The process of avoiding the privacy intrusive nature of Apple, Inc. in gathering information about you, your personal views, your business confidential information, and everything you do online (all under the umbrella of providing targeted marketing information to users and provided better services to you). Apple is almost as bad as Google in the way it gathers and keeps information on its servers (Apple achieves this via the push technology enabled on your iOS and macOS devices). And yes, law enforcement agents can gain access to this information. Basically, you have no control over the information once it leaves your computer and ends up sitting on an Apple server. There is no hiding this fact. The only good thing going for this company at the present time compared to Google is that at least future employers (other than Apple) and other people will not be able to access your personal and business confidential information to create a "profile". Furthermore, the information is not organised and presented online for all to see like FaceBook. A slight improvement you could say. If all this still sounds a little disconcerting knowing how much Apple likes to intrude on your private and business life for whatever purposes the company alleges to be doing, the following links will help you to minimise the company's presence in your life. As for iOS devices, you may need to consider other similar devices from a different manufacturer although there is little difference between them.

    Little Snitch

    Arguably one of the most effective tools on the planet in blocking virtually any electronic information seeping out of your computer in a surreptitious way. No matter how cunning software developers are in grabbing information from you, Little Snitch will detect it, and you will be greeted with a pop-up message on the screen prior to the data being sent to help you decide whether or not to permit or deny the connection. The beauty of this little utility is that you have a choice (a term not common in the vocabulary of many software companies, developers, or whoever is keen to snoop around on your computer without your awareness). You decide if you want the information to escape your Mac, or not as the case may be. More importantly, you have the power to "forever" deny the connection too should you feel the company is asking for too much information on a regular basis. That's right. You will never be hassled again from Apple once you deny the connection forever. Even without using Safari or another web browser, you will be surprised by how many apps on your Macintosh computer will try to call Apple and send data. Most will be Apple-specific apps, including PhotoBooth.app, iTunes.app, and various system extensions. Even when you are not browsing on the Apple web site using Safari, this Apple-specific web browser will still call Apple and send data. So look out for those Little Snitch messages that tell you the server address has the word "apple" in it (or temporarily block unknown or unusual servers that you don't expect to see pop-up). Or you can sit back and watch what happens while the internet access is turned on and see all the Little Snitch messages pop-up. Apple is no exception. This is usually a sure-fire sign that Apple is looking for something from you, and in most cases the data it wants is not necessary in to use your computer or applications. Block them and discover a newfound sense of security and control you never had before. Little Snitch version 4.x is compatible with OS X 10.11 El Capitan and higher.

    OnyX for mac

    The latest macOS (High Sierra, Mojave and Catalina) is notorious for sending information about you and what you do in a surreptitious manner. If it cannot send the information straightaway, macOS and certain Apple apps are designed to quietly sit in the background pretending not to be launched or claim the document was closed when, in fact, the data is being retained in memory. The same is true of various caches, log files, and even force the retention of multiple old copies of your documents in a fixed location that Apple chooses on your behalf (again without giving you choice) as part of Apple's preferred backup solution (on the Apple Cloud, of course, or on specific folders) and expects you to accept it. Later such unencrypted information can be sent to Apple servers on the pretence that it is there to be transferred to your iPhone or iPad, but in reality helps the company and other third-party entities to see what you are doing, gather business confidential information for their own advantages, etc. Whilst such a move may be nice for Mac newbies and youngsters unaware of such insights other than to make them feel like Apple is thinking about them and working in their interest (cough!), this method of retaining old documents is one of the most effective means for the company to learn what you do, who you are, the apps you use, steal your intellectual property, and so much more. And all this is kept in particular locations set by Apple or reserved in memory. This is a sure-fire way of compromising your security should your computer ever go alone; and this is before you even get hacked if the security of macOS is not great) To deal with this situation with any reasonable effectiveness, use Onyx to clear out the extra data collected on your Mac over a period of time. It will make macOS more privacy-protected and secure. Go to the Parameters tab of OnyX and delete caches and log files for maximum protection of your personal data. Note that you may have to repeat this process every now and then until a developer can come up with an app to automatically delete unwanted files of your choosing on shutdown, and so make it feel like less of a chore. Until that day comes, OnyX remains a useful tool in this regard. As for Apple-specific locations for your personal files, create your own locations and store the files there. Don't rely on Apple's preferred approach.

    Tor Browser

    It would appear that Waterfox, Safari, and an improperly set-up Firefox and Chrome browsers are lethal in leaking out your data and what you do (and some web sites will not respect the "Do Not Track Me" option in web browsers, not to mention the fact that the browsers can allow certain information to seep back into your computer through malware tools. Indeed the problem is so bad that you are probably better off sticking to the only most secure web browser there is on the planet: Tor Browser. Not perfect, but TorBrowser in its most up-to-date form is the most secure. To prove this security, we recommend visiting this Analyzer tool from Privacy.net to run some tests just to see how Tor faired in the analysis compared to other browsers. The Tor browser is a popular choice among military officials. However, keep in mind a few points: (i) Whistleblowers should not use Tor while on a work computer within their organisation. It is easy for the IT administrator to know who is using the browser. Always use an anonymous and public machine with Tor running on it (or bring in your USB thumb drive with a copy of Tor). Make sure there are no cameras in the area or on the computer (cover it if you must) before doing your thing; (ii) While there are some illegal dark web sites that benefit from Tor in performing their dubious activities (mainly to distribute illegal content), the actual people working on Tor are there to give you the privacy you deserve. How Tor is used is not their responsibility. Just like a car manufacturer selling a car has no responsibility how you use the car after you have bought it, it is up to you to use it for good purposes. The network is very secure and the only thing authorities can do to counteract this situation is to emphasise the existence of the dark web and over-estimate the number of illegal sites to the public in the hope people will be frightened off from using this browser. However, it should be noted that much of the activity people perform with Tor are there for the right reasons to visit perfectly legal sites. People only use Tor to avoid the privacy invasive aspects associated with certain sites and the browser itself from the more commercially-oriented software manufacturers. The true purpose of the Tor is to be anonymous. The only times you will not be anonymous is if you choose to login to your accounts online (unless the owners of those sites offer a privacy-protected option, such as Facebook users able to use https://facebookcorewwwi.onion/ for logging into their FaceBook with anonymity). Tor cannot protect you from this situation. The people providing those accounts will know it is you once you have logged in. Apart from doing things to discourage you from using Tor, such as solving online puzzles involving the clicking of squares containing traffic lights and repeating the puzzle at least 15 times, generally there is nothing wrong in using Tor for this purpose. All you have to keep in mind is that you will not be anonymous once you are logged in. That is about it. And if you are logged into a work computer, you will be identified. Only use Tor in a normal manner without signing into any account. And when you do need to send data to someone anonymously, use an anonymous emailer from a location that no one can identify who you are.

    Alternative PDF editors to Preview.app

    Preview.app is a classic example (the other is the latest QuickTime that has grabbed the same technology from Preview) after a period of inactivity or when accessing another app (especially if it has no documents opened) to give you the impression that it is not running. It is not on the Dock, so you assume the app has quit. Well, don't be fooled. It is there running in the background. Just press Option Command Esc keys to see the app active. Furthermore, the app will not clear the memory set aside from a previously opened document even it has been closed. Not even trashing the closed document will work until Preview.app has been properly quit. This means you must use the Option Command and Esc keys to select the app and Force Quit it. Even after quitting, details of the document is still retained in memory (as you may discover when you re-launch Preview.app and try to drag n' drop a PDF page or file into an existing opened PDF document. Somehow the old data has somehow comes back again and you must undo and try again for it to work properly the second time around (really bad for legal professionals who are hoping for a reliable way to add new documents to an existing one). All this for the sake of Apple wanting to see what you were doing if you allow your Mac to be accessible on the internet. So if you use Preview.app for reading and manipulating PDF documents, use an alternative free or paid PDF editor from an independent and more trustworthy developer from the link shown above. For a reasonable PDF editor you could try iSkySoft PDF Editor 6 released in November 2017 with its new user interface and more efficient functions (upgrade price is US19.99, normally US$99.95). Don't expect Adobe Acrobat to respect your privacy too. It is only slightly better on quitting the app, but if you close a PDF document, Acrobat will not properly release the document. You will notice this when you try to delete the PDF document through the Trash can. Use another PDF editor/reader. Also useful in this regard are the numerous memory optimising apps, and choose ones that will auto clear inactive RAM after a document has been closed.

    DEGOOGALISE

    The process of avoiding the privacy intrusive techniques employed by Google in gathering information about you, your views, and your online habits while you browse online. Google is a personal favourite of secret intelligence organisations, your future employers, advertisers and anyone else that sees the value in your presence online doing certain things on Google. As they all use Google services to gather information about you (not to mention your (ex-)boyfriend, (ex-)girlfriend, and anyone else for that matter, even right down to your personal views on various issues). If all this seems a bit much for what should be a simple task of searching on the web for web sites and talking with friends, then check out the links. We also cannot recommend more highly the benefits of not creating a Google email account or use an Android phone (Android OS is actually owned by Google). Yes, hard to do in this day and age (as we all use mobile phones), but it will end up being the best solution for protecting everyone's privacy. Or else truly high-grade encryption software has to be produced, installed and activated as a standard feature across all sensitive personal electronic devices to beat all the spyware tools out there on the market (e.g., Evident from BAE Systems). Unfortunately, in this era of terrorism and the efforts by certain governments in the world to control their civilians who are looking for change (probably to restore balance), we feel this is unlikely.

    DuckDuckGo.com

    The search engine with the unusual feature of not keeping a history of your searching and where you visit. A truly innovative concept in today's world.

    Open Street Map

    The online map service that does not keep a history of the places you search for. Definitely an organisation ahead of its time, and something others should aspire to.

    TorBrowser

    Forget the rest, just go for TorBrowser. Don’t use Google Chrome, Safari or Firefox. All will either retain information about you, including a remarkably detailed history of where you have visited for sending to their servers (even when you eventually delete your history, as it once occurred with an older version of Safari), or have various security holes to allow people to send and run malicious code on your computer. The most dangerous codes are those designed to quietly delete or encrypt (through ransom-ware) files in known locations setup by the OS manufacturers (a silly idea that has truly had its day, unless the manufacturers are there to also gather information about you, what you do, and the tools you use on your computer all the time). Otherwise, the code may be designed to quietly grab your personal files and send them to a server online (sounds like this might be a good idea to install something equivalent to Little Snitch to solve this pesky problem). If you must use an ordinary browser, set it to maximum privacy and with Private Mode on to ensure your history of sites visited is deleted. But as with commercial offerings, not all will do a perfect job. To do this job properly, always use Tor.

    DEGOVERNMENTISE

    The process of avoiding the privacy intrusive techniques employed by your government in gathering information about you, what you do, and who you meet. Hard to do in this day and age with government concerns of a few terrorists in our midst (the solution is simple: treat everyone well and with respect, and give everyone what they need to survive, a place they can call their home, and have equal opportunities to succeed in a worthwhile and positive area of life they wish to pursue), but at the end of the day it is a requirement for journalists in a truly democratic society to be free and independent in their work as well as allow people basic rights to maintain good privacy. When governments get too much control over there citizens, the ability to reverse this power is more important for the citizens. Somegovernments will still argue for some balance. But at the end of the day, a new world order that ensures people have what they need and can contribute positive things to the community is all that is needed for governments and the people to feel secure and happy (as for terrorists, it is time we all show a bit of love for one another and then society will repay in kind and will feel genuinely secure). The choice is up to governments and ourselves to decide. For those feeling the pressure of governments breathing down their necks, any means of keeping governments away when it comes to snooping around in your personal life is a godsend . For a start, you should look at the techniques covered in DeMicrosoftise, DeApplise, and DeGooglise for a dramatic improvement in your privacy protection. Other than that, perhaps the best form of defence against the prying eyes of governments is simply to have no network connection to the internet. Sounds like a revolutionary concept considered too hard to implement. So, to be a little more realistic, and given how hard people find it to live without their mobile phones and internet connections (you would swear there must be a virtual umbilical cord attached to their bodies and the devices), some network connections will be necessary, and probably unavoidable. Therefore, the first step is to consider establishing a Virtual Personal Network (VPN). This nifty solution is designed to hide your IP address, and if it comes with effective encryption, even better. Use a VPN to by-pass Australian-based servers (if the VPN server is located overseas), and so open up a world of new opportunities, insights, and access to a much wider range of information on the internet (you get the best and the worse of what's on offer, but at least you are a good filter of information, right? You understand why people do the things they do,? So use your intelligence to decide the right information to go for, see what's most important and useful to society, and will help you to achieve good things in the world. Set an example for others to aspire to through the right choice of information). A VPN with encryption will also have the added benefit of allowing you to send and receive emails with anonymity. If you need examples of good VPN services, check out VPN Vanguard's recommendation here. Of course, the best VPNs are those you don't have to pay anything (i.e., no record of who you are from your financial transactions to pay for the service), but could be designed to see what you are doing. Finding VPNs that are free and genuinely privacy-protected is hard, but they do exist. And once China's LinkSure company gets worldwide internet coverage established by sending 10 satellites into orbit, VPNs and internet access will be free to everyone. A major shake-up in the world of internet will soon be taking place, and with many Western ISPs facing tougher times ahead. That is the only reason why VPNs have a cost. The people running it still pay for internet access where they are, and a little profit on the side. When internet services become free for all by 2026, VPNs will have to be free also. When it comes to encryption, don't compromise on anything less than 512-bits in the encryption level (and ideally you should keep the encryption/decryption keys on your machine, not someone else's especially for the decryption key itself). The standard nowadays should be the high-grade 1024-bit or higher for file and email encryption as used by military experts, and considered essential for journalists wanting to communicate with whisteblowers* or other people. Apart from a VPN service, we also strongly recommend that you do not advertise yourself on FaceBook, Twitter, or other social media sites. This is especially true if you are a journalist, and definitely do not show a picture of yourself (your family, the size of your bodily appendages etc.). Who really needs to know? If you do, any other accounts you may have for personal use showing pictures of yourself with friends, family and so on will be linked together through face-recognition technology, even if you decide to use an anonymous name and fake life biography. You are better off not being on these social media sites (your real life is your social media site and you should be doing the promoting privately just by walking around and being yourself, not the narcissistic approach of going online and telling everyone how great you are, and asking everyone to like you — we all should love one another, right?) to be truly free and independent. Also consider using a clean (i.e., not electronically bugged) old mobile phone or something that will not track your location. Or turn off location in your current mobile phone. Huawei is considered the least secure. So, to get around this, the Chinese government will encourage more users to see the value of a Chinese-made smartphone and network and its own free world-wide internet access system by 2026. Samsung is not particularly secure either even though the company makes reasonable efforts to appear to be doing its bit to improve security. The biggest issue with Samsung smartphones is how the microphone that you use to talk into when making calls actually stays on all the time, even when you are not making a call. You can detect this on Sumsung's S9, S9 Note and other newer models by plugging a stereo cable plug into the smartphone's headphone jack, and connect the other end to a computer's Line Input. Open up an audio editor app with recording capabilities and look at the audio level meter. Everytime you talk and/or tap the Sumsung phone, the microphone will pick it up and the signal displayed on the audio meter. There is no Android app to properly stop the microphone from picking up sounds, and there is a reason for it (just like internet-enabled TV connected to the internet with built-in microphones that never properly disengage from the world, mainly because manufacturers think people will always be talking to the TV to get the functions they want, such as changing channels). Apple iPhones are not secure for the reasons described earlier (see Applise). And to get away from Western internet networks, you could try the Russian Yandex network, or the new China SureLink system for free internet access (but keep in mind the Russian and Chinese governments will have their own means of spying on you through these networks). The other thing to be careful are the types of apps you download and use on your smartphone or computer. If the apps are not well-designed and have not gone through a rigorous quality-control check (you should leave new apps alone until they have had time to be properly tested), they can leave behind loop-holes and security bugs. A classic example is the mobile app from PayPal. The poor quality nature of the app in the early stages of its release allowed third-party individuals to make unauthorised transaction on your PayPal account (if you have one). And also be careful about free WiFi hot spots for public use. There is usually a good reason they are free (to attract people to shops, but also to see what you do). Do not use public WiFi networks for sensitive work such as accessing your bank accounts. It is okay if you are merely browsing news sites or downloading some software. You need effective encryption on a network of this nature. If you don't, just use it for general purposes. Finally, to complete the picture, we highly recommend that you check the following links and decide whether any of them are worth implementing.

    GPG Encryption Tools

    The essential tools you need to encrypt to a high-grade all the files and email messages you want to send and receive. Works great with Windows and OS X (i.e., Mail.app). Check out this video on how to install and use the tools.

    Guerilla Mail

    Useful when sending anonymously an email message to someone using a disposable temporary email address.

    Mailmator

    An alternative to Guerilla Mail.

    Mailnesia

    Just want to receive an email message, but don't want to give out your real email address (especially if it is a spammer sending you the message)? Use this free service. Delete the message once you are finished..

    Password Hacked Checker

    If you haven't changed your email password in the last few years, you might want to do it and use a more randomised and sophisticated password. The reason being is that hackers in the past have managed to find ways to compromise some online systems and grab vast numbers of email addresses and passwords and distribute them on the dark web. In that way, governments and criminal syndicates can grab files and see what you do. To find out if your email account has been compromised, use this tool. It will search a public database that has collected this information and let you know if a password was found for it. There is also an option to test certain passwords you may be using to see if it is unique. If not, the number of times the password has been used in other accounts may increase the risk of your email account getting hacked. If you do not want to try this option, we recommend creating a proper randomised password. But I won't remember it? We hear your pain. We recommend downloading SUNRISE Contacts. It is free, and contains a nifty password keeper under the Help menu when you launch it. All you have to do is enter an easily remembered password once and use it to access a multitude of complicated passwords you want stored for all your accounts. No one can hack this single password because SUNRISE Contacts is not on any online server. It is on your computer, which is much more secure. Once stored, you can click on the password and paste it into the field of an online login page. Simple. Finally, consider creating randomised passwords of your accounts every 12 months and store the new password in SUNRISE Contacts.

    The Journalist Privacy Guide

    TorBrowser

    We can't speak enough about the usefulness of this browser. First developed by the U.S. Navy, the Tor browser helps to better protect your privacy while browsing the internet. It does this by "bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world" (assuming, of course, that the volunteers are not collecting information themselves!). Use the latest version to fix known bugs that have been exploited by governments. For example, governments had been exploiting a loophole in TorBrowser 8.0.5, but TorBrowser 8.5.1 is giving governments a hard time. Use it in conjunction with access to a wide variety of different public internet hotspots (i.e., don't use your real internet account), and only store a fake name on your computer, software, and contacts.app,. This should give you a high level of anonymity. Also, when the time comes to publish the results of your independent journalistic work online, use an anonymous web site hosted offshore to avoid any draconian laws in Australia preventing you from leaking important information that you believe is in the public interest and can hold governments, military, and/or businesses fully accountable for their actions (and don't use your real name as there are ways to figure out who you are).

    See also INTERNET: REMOVING GEOGRAPHICAL RESTRICTIONS

    DEMICROSOFTISE

    The process of avoiding the privacy intrusive techniques employed by Microsoft in gathering information about you, your views, your software, and your online habits while you browse online. Microsoft generally follows quietly along the path of Apple, often watching the more controversial technologies introduced by its supposed competitor. When enough people seem to be unaware (mostly younger consumers who will go for just about anything new because they think new equates to being better and, therefore, a must have feature or product) or simply choose to ignore the problems (a natural reaction when those in a position of power with their products are not allowing enough choices to be made available for people to decide), Microsoft usually takes onboard the same technologies, and does it better and more refined (and thus trickier to detect). Therefore, deMicrosoftising your life is often the same as for Apple.

    OpenSUSE Linux Leap

    The simplest solution to dealing with Microsoft Windows is simply not to use it. Of course, one has to be practical about this considering people still have to use a computer. So consider downloading and installing Linux OS. It is a free, open source solution. More importantly, it is stable and remarkably secure. Annual updates ensure Linux remains the best it can be. Indeed, if the available Linux apps are sufficient for your needs, why would you need Windows OS from Microsoft? Better to stay with Linux.

    Glasswire Network Utility

    This is touted as the equivalent to Little Snitch, but this time it works for Windows 10. Use it to allow or deny Windows apps in connecting to servers on the internet. Available as a free and paid version, this useful app is definitely worth a closer look.

    TorBrowser

    Did we mention TorBrowser is the best and most secure internet browser there is on the planet? If you haven't, it might be worth your while having a look at our earlier discussions about this excellent browser. By the way, a Linux version just so happens to be available should you decide to go the Linux OS way.

    DE-SOCIALISE FROM SOCIAL MEDIA SITES

    The process of getting away from social media accounts (or minimising their impact on your life) because of the privacy intrusive nature of social media companies in gathering your personal information and later selling them to governments or profit-making companies, not to mention the recent security breaches (see TechJury's excellent Infographic), the time-consuming nature of constantly handling the social aspects of having your own account, and the way people can abuse their position of supposed anonymity by publishing nasty remarks about you (known as trolls), which if you can't handle it or have techniques on how to deal with them, might be worth getting away from altogether. Social media sites include Google Plus, Pinterest, FaceBook, Twitter, Skype and many others. To reverse the trend of joining a social media site as a way of reducing the time you spend on it, the first thing you must ask yourself is, what is it that you need to do on a social media site that you cannot do in real life? What benefits will having a social media page do for you when you get one? How will your presence on a social media site help others should people decide to read and look at what you have on your social media page? If you just need to make friends or find like-minded individuals with similar views to yours so they can like you and/or what you stand for, remember that you can always make friends in the real world without ever needing a social media account. We have done this sort of thing prior to the 21st century and for as long as humans can remember. It hasn't killed anyone. So why should social media suddenly need to change this traditional approach to finding these sorts of people (or better still, broadening your thinking by listening to different views can be a transformative experience too if you let it happen)? Of course you will always find similar-thinking individuals to support your view of the world. Big deal. What is more important is what you can do to improve the world and make this a better place to live. Also, avoid relying on others to give you constant praise (occasional is fine, but not all the time). No need to have the constant reassurances of people saying they liked what you did or you as a person, or whatever views you may have. Everyone should naturally like you as a person. You do not need to prove to anyone that you are a worthwhile and fantastic individual. And be realistic. You are not going to please every single person in the world. Just do your best in your contributions to society and be comforted by the fact that there are so many people out there who do care about you and want to see you do your best. Sure, you are going to find plenty of like-minded individuals out there who will like what you do and the way you think and believe. This is normal. We all need to feel like we belong in some small way. On the same token, you also need to learn, and at the same time not to take things seriously what others might say about you and/or the things you do, especially among those described as trolling. Apart from the fact that you can't please everyone all of the time, most of the time what people say is a personal view or opinion. Everyone is entitled to their opinion. So can you. And they can say it in a reasonably positive way, or maybe not. If it is valid criticism, accept it. Acknowledge we are not perfect. So long as you are trying to learn and be a better person, that is all that matters. But remember, it is not you that is the problem. It is often your views, your concepts, or the beliefs you hold that may need re-evaluating, or to change your actions, if you can see the harm created to others. That is what it comes down to. Is what you are doing helping people? Or is it causing harm to someone, even to those you might describe as your enemy. Really. Why must you treat certain people so badly? Because they have harmed you in some way? It is probably because they were hurt and/or lacking in love and not some means to "get back at you". But they are limited in the way they can solve a problem. They don't know of a better way. So why not sure a better way? Don't follow the herd. Travel your own path in life and find a better way of achieving things that works for everyone. Or you can stick to what you believe. Fair enough. Just remember that you are here to improve yourself and become more balanced, and to help others as well. Consider all the variety of views from people. Your social media page and what people say is an opportunity to gauge what others think and to give you insights and thoughts that may not have considered before and could help to improve yourself and see a different way of doing things. Don't worry if people do not like you or whatever. Personally? They obviously don't know you very well. And even if they do, just learn from the situation. Apologise if there is something you said that wasn't right. Acknowledge your limitations and need to improve. Beyond that, you have much to contribute to society. The fact that you are here means you are already a worthy and valuable person in your own right (and so should everyone else, unless they are lacking in love in their own lives, which would explain a lot for those who do the trolling). No one has to tell you how valuable you are to society and the great things you can achieve. You should already know this. Learn to be confident in the person that you are. As an added level of power that should be bestowed on you by social media sites should you be a little less confident is the power to switch off users who are not there to be productive and helpful to you through their comments. And perhaps as a final piece of advice when considering on whether to join a social media site, do not use the technological platform to prove anything to others. It should be clear to everyone that we can achieve anything we want. But if there are some people who feel limited in what they can do and are not sure if they can do it and you are in their shoes, show on your social media page what can be done, and how you did it. Show that anyone in the same situation can do it too. Other than that, there is no need to prove yourself or how valuable you are. You should not have to. Instead of focusing on yourself all the time, use your social media page to promote something that you are doing and believe can be achieved right now by anyone. Or consider sharing a funny story, image or video of something you have experienced, heard, or seen personally. This may help to give people a laugh, or to make them feel a part of your goals in achieving something great. However, never allow the page to ever dominate your life. There are far more important things to do than sit in front of a computer all day long. If you want to save yourself time and you can see there are plenty of people asking for the same advice or views on things,. provide an FAQ section, and answer the most common questions in a way that is positive and helpful to others. Or if you wish to completely turn off all comments from others and avoid the security pitfalls of social media sites, consider setting up your own web site. And when you feel like it, create your own comment-making system and you can become the moderator of comments that are helpful and useful to your cause. Finally, if you do wish to maintain a social media account, don't get lazy to sign in to other web sites using your Facebook account. Other people will learn a lot about you when they check your account and see what you do. Use an anonymous disposal email address to receive and send emails, and when you are ready, you can delete the email address. And these disposal email addresses will not carry personal information. With that said, if you still need ways to minimise or eliminate social media sites from your life, feel free to click on the following sites.

    Avoid Social Media Burnout

    How to Delete your Social Media Presence

    10 Tips to Delete Yourself from the Internet in 2020

    Websites versus Social Media

    TechJury's Online Safety Stats, including the most popular social media sites

    Online Privacy — Myth or Reality? by James Herrin

    DICTIONARIES

    Cambridge Dictionary

    Macquarie Dictionary

    EssayOnTime's Free Grammar Checker

    A genuinely free grammar checker (as of 2020) for students or anyone who needs to check their writing. There are no signs up (a rarity these days). All you do is type or paste the text or upload the Word document, and it will highlight issues. Of course, you have the option to check spelling, and make citations for research-based documents. A worthy entrant to this listing. And just to set itself apart from other similar services elsewhere, it has made an unexpected addition to its range of services by assisting women and girls to find college and business scholarships. Hopefully this link will be helpful.

    Free Thesaurus

    Also comes with a standard English dictionary, a medical dictionary, a legal dictionary, a financial dictionary, and access to idioms and acronyms, as well as various encyclopedias (including Wikipedia).

    Ginger Grammar Check

    Touted as the world's number 1 grammar checker, you ahve the opportunity to find out if this is true. You be the judge by trying it. Is it really the best?

    Ginger Spell Check

    Ginger, is the leading contextual grammar and spell checker on the market today and is able to automatically correct all types of spelling and grammar mistakes, even the most severe ones, especially from people who use English as a second language.

    Grammarly

    Nothing beats a good human editor, but for a machine to do an awesome job of editing, this has to be the world's most accurate grammar checker available today. A subscription fee is required after testing it out on some sample text.

    Online Dictionary and Thesaurus

    OneLook Dictionary

    Webopedia Tech Dictionary for IT Professionals

    DotDash.com

    DISADVANTAGED, HELPING THE

    Gardhouse.org

    Helping Charlotte college of students from the black community gain post-graduate employment through work experience and internships. You ask for what you need in your business, have one or more students work for you, decide on what you want to pay for their time, and most importantly students will have something to add in their resume to show to prospective employers. Or it can be an opportunity to employ the students with full-time employment through the internships you offer. If nothing else, you can always donate and mentors will help connect students with businesses and provide all the advice and coaching students need to become great employees.

    DIVERSITY

    Cultural Competence Quiz

    A way for you to understand how well your can adapt and understand cultural diversity.

    DRONES, BEST

    All drones weighing more than 250g will need to be registered with the Federal Aviation Authority. Other than that, what you are looking for is a drone that can hover still in the air even in a little bit of wind, stay in one spot using accurate GPS, have a three-axis gimbal for maximum optical stability of the images and video taken, a minimum 1080p HD camera (we recommend 2K or 4K camera, although some manufacturers simply reuse the same small lens from an older HD camera and put in a 4K light-sensitive chip which is no better than standard HD and may, in fact, slow down processing resulting in video that is not smooth, so make sure you get a large lens coupled to a 2K or 4K light-sensitive chip with no fisheye distortions unless you want this as an option, and also consider getting one with a built-in memory card to help record the visual data faster to the memory), and a decent range the drone can travel. If the drone is likely to be invisible to the naked eye at more than 1.2km, you should have a drone with a decent 30 minute flight time and ability to return home to the landing pad when out-of-range of the controller and/or certainly return home when the battery power drops to below a minimum level and needs re-charging.

    DJI Mavic Pro

    DJI Mavic 2 Pro (replaces the highly popular DJI Phantom 4 v2, which is no longer in production but worth grabbing at under US$400 if you can find one on the market)

    DJI Mavic 2 Zoom

    Comparing DJI Mavic Pro, DJI Mavic 2 Pro, and DJI Mavic 2 Zoom, the DJI Mavic Pro is better priced (at around US$900) for its features compared to Mavic 2 Pro. And you still get a 7 km range drone with 27 minutes flight time and a proper 4K camera for video at 30fps, 12MP still photos with HDR, as well as create 32MP spherical panorama shots. Comes with an unusual assortment of autonomous features, such as avoiding obstacles within 15 metres of its flight path. Foldable design makes for easy carrying, and it includes two batteries, four replacement propeller blades, controller, recharging unit, instructions, cables and carrying case. However, if you want to pay US$1,500 for the Mavic 2 Pro, the main changes are a couple of minutes longer flight time, up to 8 km range, a 100Mbps higher video details (including over 1 billion colours) video compared to the 60Mbps (16 million colours) for the Mavic Pro, still photos of 20MP resolution compared to 12MP for the Mavic Pro, an ISO camera range between 100 to 12,800 compared to 100 to 5,000 for the Mavic Pro, and can move a little faster at 72km/h in still air compared to the 65km/hr of the Mavic Pro. The latter is despite the slightly extra weight put on the drone for a newer and heavier camera bringing the total weight of the drone to 907g, compared to 754g for the Mavic Pro. Essentially you are paying for a better camera. And that is why the Mavic 2 Zoom exists mainly because as it comes with an optical zoom. However, to make it cheaper than the Mavic 2 Pro, the camera itself is closer to being the same as the Mavic Pro in resolution, colour depth, ISO range,etc. And for all that money, it is more than suitable for high-quality and smooth-moving aerial photography work. Only the most discerning Hollywood producers of major movie blockbusters may choose a drone that allows them to attach their own higher quality camera, or use a manned helicopter to do the work.

    DRONES, BEST AT UNDER $500

    DJI Mavic Mini

    A remarkably compact drone with an excellent camera at under the $500 mark. Ideal for beginners and designed specifically for people who want the simplest way to control the drone and yet achieve excellent results from the camera, such as travellers going overseas. It comes with all the legendary stability when hovering, including a 3-axis stabilized gimbal that eliminates vibration when taking video as you would expect from a quality manufacturer such as DJI.

    DRONES, BEST AT UNDER $200

    JJRC X9 Heron

    We are entering into what is effectively the beginners market, and quality of drones from manufacturers at this price point can vary dramatically. in fact, some manufacturers will take advantage of consumers by re-brnading cheaper Chinese made drones and sell then at least 5 times the normal selling price in China and may even instruct Chinese manufacturers to use cheaper materials and electronics to ensure the products do not last and will break easily in the hope consumers are silly enough to keep buying the same product again and again. To avoid this situation, a quality and durable drone with a decent 1080p camera can be bought for as little as US$150, such as the X Drone HD (not the DroneXPro). However, to get the stability in the images and video taken by the camera, we recommend one with a 3-axis gimbal. Hence the above recommendation at this price range. Or consider the JJRC X12 Aurora for that little extra stability and quality.

    DVD, FIND A

    Wow HD

    EzyDVD

    Documentary Heaven

    A web site you can subscribe to watch free documentaries in a wide variety of categories.



    E

    eBay

    EDITORS, TEXT

    Editing is broadly divided into three main areas: (i) a light edit called proofread that focusses mainly on grammatical mistakes (e.g., mixing of plural and singular words in a sentence, inconsistent use of past, present or future tense words, spelling mistakes, making sure each paragraph focusses on one idea etc.); (ii) a more thorough edit combining a proofread and looking at sentence structure (with the best suggestion provided by the editor); and (iii) a highly brutal look (if it is required) of not just a proofread, but also a check of sentence structure as well as the logical and structural flow of the entire document. Generally, the more comprehensive the edit, the more you pay.

    There is a higher level of editing. In fact, strictly speaking it is not really editing, but called ghost writing. As the name suggests, it simply means that another person does the writing and editing for you and you pay for the service while everyone assumes you were the author. The latter is only good if what you need to write is not in your native language (e.g., book translations) or you have the ideas but need someone else to write is down in a way that suits the audience who will read it.

    When asking for something to be edited, make sure you are clear with your editor about the type of document you are writing and who will read it (i.e., "the audience"). This will make a massive difference in the type of editing you receive. For example, if you mention the document is for a scientific audience, such as an article to be published in a scientific journal, an editor will remove a considerable amount of redundant and superfluous words that don't add anything to the meaning and main points of your sentences (have you noticed one in this sentence?). Irrespective of whether the sentences are grammatically correct and reads well, the aim of a scientific edit is to shorten the sentences as much as possible. And much of the sentences are made in the active voice with the item of focus on relevant facts brought to the front and any supporting evidence following it very quickly (as well as the usual proliferation of footnotes to show where the evidence came from, as is mandatory of any good scientific article). The result is a very compact document that is straight-to-the-point, rather matter-of-fact, but can be immensely dry and boring (which for most scientists, this is perfect as it shows that you are not trying to be emotive or influence the reader; but just stating the facts and letting the evidence speak for itself). However, if you are writing a book for the masses, it is important that your writing and choice of words and how they are strung together is engaging and will interest a wider range of readers (it can make the difference of whether you earn a little money to pay some bills, or you can afford to purchase a place to live and anything else you might need while achieving other things that could be of greater importance in your life—something that you can never do with selling a scientific "textbook" or "article" unless you suddenly win the Nobel prize, but then that would require incredible luck to land yourself in the lap of the scientific gods. If you need to sell more interesting books, then so long as it reads well and the picture it paints in people's minds is clear, then it is fine. You certainly do not want to cut back on too many words by an editor or else your fine entertaining writing piece could be mutilated and this could lose interest to your readers. And it can also lose your style of writing, which for many readers could be a tragedy.

    Whichever type of edit you choose from your editor (choose one that will be sympathetic to the type of writing you want to see), you always have the choice to decide which edits you accept and which ones to ignore. With experience, you should be able to see the obvious grammatical errors and fix them up. For everything else, it is up to you to decide whether a little shortening of the sentences will read better and helps to get the point across more clearly without losing your style of writing and interest factor. At the same time, look at the bigger picture in your writing to ensure the sentences are not structured to read in a repetitive manner (easy to do in a scientific text). For a book designed for the masses, a few extra words won't matter in the whole scheme of things if it helps to make the sentences lift off the page and flow nicely as well as paint the picture clearly, and is all done in an engaging and entertaining way for your intended audience.

    Editage

    EditMyEnglish

    Enago

    Kibin.com

    PaperTrue

    ProofreadingPal

    Scribendi

    Wordvice

    Wordy (UK)

    EDITING TOOLS, TEXT

    Grammarly

    Ginger Grammar Checker

    Hemmingway App

    EDUCATION, AGED CARE

    Caring.com Student Scholarships (USA)

    A chance within a growing industry to have a lifelong stable employment for those who enjoy caring for people. Scholarships up to US$10,000 are available for the right student.

    EDUCATION, BROAD (GENERAL)

    Schools of Wellness

    Promotes lifelong wellness skills, emphasizing activity and nutrition for students.

    SUNRISE Information Services

    One of the early web sites on the internet to offer free education since 1995. This one focuses on identifying and presenting the grander or more global/universal large-scale patterns acquired from a broad study of certain disciplines using the right side of the brain. A unique education web site sure to give you the bigger picture.

    EDUCATION, CIVIL & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

    NJIT Master of Science in Civil Engineering

    The New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) has explained it perfectly when it defined a civil engineer as someone who leads "the teams that plan, design, construct, and operate the infrastructures essential to our modern lives". Of course, the course itself is a little more involved than simply leading a group of people. You do need to have some knowledge of science and mathematics, as well as the necessary communication skills to present your ideas and solutions to others. Fortunately, just like your ultimate pizza topping, this university will give you the lot (pepperoni, olives and the rest). So, go ahead and sink your teeth into this one.

    NJIT Master of Science in Electrical Engineering

    Do you get more of a buzz in electrical engineering? Well, the same university that offers you civil engineering just so happens to have a course catered specifically for budding new electrical engineers as well.

    Ohio University Civil Engineering Resources

    Of course, one can't always be biased towards the New Jersey offering for a quality education in civil engineering. The Ohio University is also a leading educator in this field. And it may even be closer to your home too. But then again, if you want to stay as far away as possible from your parents, try the New Jersey location instead.

    Ohio University Electrical Engineering Resources

    Just as capable as the people from New Jersey, the Ohio University will also give you a solid background in all things relating to electrical engineering. Perhaps at the end of this course, you might be able to build an electromagnetic spacecraft and start travelling to the stars to meet your new clients. Well, you have got to start somewhere, right? Fortunately, the course you need is ready and waiting for you. Later, you can change the world with your electrical insights.

    EDUCATION, HEALTH

    Adventist University Online Health Courses

    Don't let the word "Adventist" frighten you off. This is one place in America to receive the best education in all areas relating to the health sector (including nursing, diagnostic medical sonography, and radiologic sciences to name a few) from highly friendly and compassionate academic staff with real experience behind them.
     

    NOTE: Praying is optional, and once you have your degree, you can work in any hospital you like.

    University of Cincinnati HIM Resource Center

    Prefer the management side of things in the health sector? This university will teach you the latest and best practices in acquiring, analyzing, and protecting medical information held in digital or traditional format considered vital to providing quality patient care. Welcome to the world of Health Information Management (HIM).

    University of Illinois at Chicago Health Informatics Resources

    Health Informatics is just a fancy name for "information technology in the health sector" (or if you are keen to keep things nice and short, just called it HI). Seriously, if you think you can make a difference in the health sector with your brilliant skills in information technology, this university will give you everything you need to marry the two broad disciplines and give you the head start you need in this career path. A big plus is the very well laid out and easily accessible list of resources on a single web page with all the information you could ever want to help make your education decision a breeze to make.

    Top Medical Assistant Schools (USA)

    Hard to figure out from the bunch which is the best medical school to go to? This web site should sort you out in a jiffy. There is also the option of online training (if you are a bit squeamish in the early stages of seeing blood in real life). Study at your own pace and all within your lifestyle. When you are feeling ready, do some practical work, past the tests, and start kicking some ass in the industry. As the population grows, the demand for medical assistants will only grow.

    University of San Francisco Nursing Resources

    Do you have a panache for nursing? If so, this educational institution has a lot to offer. Between the Adventist University and this one, you are well and truly covered in this field.

    EDUCATION, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    Boston University Computer Information System Resources

    A quality educational institution for anything relating to information technology, now offers online (or distance) education for anyone. On May 11, 2016, Boston University received the 21st Century Award for Best Practices in Distance Learning, making it among the top education leaders on the planet. This includes all the latest computer languages, how to build a supercomputer, as well as skills in cyber safety and the internet (now a rapidly growing field).

    Cyber Degree Hub (Idaho, USA)

    The foundation provides free educational information and support to those who are interested in learning about cyber security degrees and what they can do for you.

    The Need for Cyber Diplomats

    EDUCATION, LOANS

    LendEDU — Private Student Loans (USA)

    Updated as of June 2019, this site provides a fairly good round up of the best student loans from banks, credit unions and other lenders. As Andy Kearns, LendEDU's Content Analyst, said:

    "Our Editorial Team used over 30 data points for 23 different student loan companies to find which were truly the best. These recommendations and ratings are not influenced by compensation in any way and we only present the lenders who were rated the highest on this page."

    EDUCATION, MBA

    Financial Times' Global MBA Rankings 2012

    Nothing but the best for those looking to become masters of the business and management universe (we can only ask that you don't turn to the Dark Side of the Force with desires for unlimited wealth and greed as our planet is highly fragile). Management and Business Administration (MBA) courses are available from these top educational institutions as selected by the reputable Financial Times.

    Forbes' Top Colleges in America

    Another reliable ranking list from the people who publish the highly trusted Forbes business magazine. MBA courses can also be found among these selected educational institutions, or else broaden your horizons from a wider range of courses on offer.

    MBAGuide.com.au (MBA Guide)

    A free advisory site for people looking to choose the best suited MBA programs as either a postgraduate education option or to uplift your professional worth to employers.

    Online MBA (USA) (also available by States)

    EDUCATION, ONLINE

    Online Schools Guidebook

    Want to know the benefits of online (or distance) education? Have you ever wanted to figure out what's available online and whether you should ever need to attend a traditional "bricks-n-mortar" school? How much does it really cost to go online and get the education you deserve and need for life compared to the traditional approach? For the answers to these and many other questions, visit this web site. A useful resource for all students, parents and employers alike.

    Context, Find Your

    Education experts will help you to find the best places to study online bachelor's degree or master's degree through a unique and personalized approach.

    see also INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN TOOLS

    EDUCATION, PhD & MASTERS

    Context, Find Your

    Education experts will help you to find the best places to study online bachelor's degree or master's degree through a unique and personalized approach.

    Online PhD (UK)

    Free UK advice and guidance from university academics, about Online Ph.D. courses.

    EDUCATION, SPECIFIC (GENERAL)

    Khan Academy

    Following the same principle with education as SUNRISE, the Khan Academy provides a not-for-profit free education to anyone, anywhere, and anytime. Focus on many specific types of knowledge as you would find at traditional schools for all years including maths, physics, chemistry, economics and finance, but in a much easier way (unless you have brilliant teachers in your traditional schools). For more holistic knowledge relating to the broader concepts of psychology, religion, evolution, astronomy, world problems, and technology, try SUNRISE.

    EDUCATION, SPORTS

    Ohio University Coaching Education Resources

    If you think those pilots of the future who will fly the electromagnetic spacecraft will not be thin enough to make the journey times to the stars nice and quick according to Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity, your expert knowledge in sports and how to keep fit and trim will go down extremely well indeed. Or if you just want to help the latest and greatest athlete to win a mountain of gold at the next Olympic games, a sports education with coaching skills is the way to go. Or maybe there is a sports team who needs a coach to take the players and their club to the next premiership win? Don't want to aim that high? Well, remember that you can do anything with this course. But if you want something simpler, coaching is still useful at the grassroots level of your community when it comes to helping kids to learn how to play any sport.

    Ohio University Athletic Administration Resources

    Being trim and healthy is not essential, but would be highly regarded in this field of study. This course will explain all the ins and outs of handling the administration side of any sports, from the elite sports clubs, to the humble Physical Education department of every quality school in the nation.

    EDUCATION, SCHOLARSHIPS (USA)

    Fastweb.com

    Access over 1.5 million scholarships to help you pay for college

    The Best Scholarship Search Platforms

    Reviews of best free scholarships

    EDUCATION, SURVIVAL TIPS

    Wild Scholar

    Secrets, tips and advice for the prospective college student wanting to know how to survive the next gruelling stage of one's life. Still, life should not be boring for you, so read up and take away some great advice on how to make your experience at college the best it can be.

    EDUCATION, TEACHING

    University of Cincinnati Education Resources

    The courses offered at this educational institution will develop the leadership skills you need to make an impact in the classroom, school, and community. If you love becoming a teacher and want to set the world on fire with your unique approach to educating the masses, you would do well to check this place out.

    EDUCATIONAL TOOLS (FOR ALL AGES)

    Answers.com

    Searches through dictionaries, thesauruses, atlases, glossaries and encyclopedias for the answers.

    Evolution of Life on Earth (SUNRISE)

    Original research information from SUNRISE showing how life probably came to be and evolved on Earth. Also includes a look into the future in the evolution of human beings and the likely scenarios we will encounter.

    Exploratorium — an education search site

    Graph Paper, Print Free

    Print your own free graph paper. For accuracy, make sure you don't select "Fit to Page" when printing. Actual size always works best.

    Incompetech Graph Paper Generator

    Graph Paper 1mm A4 (Ready-made)

    Graph Paper 5mm A4 (Ready-made)

    Graph Paper 10mm A4 (Ready-made)

    Graph Paper 5mm A3 (Ready-made)

    Graph Paper 10mm A3 (Ready-made)

    Inside Story Flashcards

    The world's easiest way to learn words. Great for kids, but even adults can benefit from learning new words. Utilises pictures to best capture the definition and meaning of words. Divided into Basic, Easy, Medium and Hard levels to help with word learning.

    LearnThat.com

    Maths Online

    Molecular Expressions — views on our microuniverse

    SUNRISE Contacts

    A powerful educational and business tool to use for life. Apart from organising your contacts at a personal and/or business level, the lookup databases (e.g., infobase.fmp12, elearn.fmp12 etc.) expands the features and flexibility of your solution to handle a variety of information.

    SUNRISE Finance Budgeting Tool.

    A free software tool you can use right now for personal use.

    See also ENCYCLOPEDIAS, ELECTRONIC JOURNALS etc

    Einstein, Dr Albert (Resource Page)

    Electric Library Encyclopedia

    ELECTRICITY

    Energy Watch

    Go Switch (Australia)

    Compare electricity and gas providers in your area.

    Electronic Circuit Symbols

    ELECTRONIC JOURNALS

    FindArticles.com

    Issues in science and technology librarianship

    New Scientist

    Scientific American archive

    Emailer, Online and Anonymous

    EMAIL: ENCRYPTION

    The open source free standard (PGP is the paid version) is known as GPG (a play on the PGP letters to help show to users that it is essentially the same as the paid version, except keys generated in the paid version will not be compatible with the open source GPG version, so carefully choose the tools you want to use — the free version is powerful enough, but do donate for the tools to be further developed and enhanced). The links below will give you military-grade encryption of your email messages (the best on the planet).

    GPG Tools

    GPG Tools Support

    ENCYCLOPEDIAS

    Encyclopedia Britannica

    Electric Library Encyclopedia

    Wikipedia (Open Source Encyclopedia)

    Plants of the World

    ENGINEERING EDUCATION (see EDUCATION)

    ENGINEERING JOBS

    ICE Recruit (U.S.)

    ENTERTAINMENT

    TripBuzz.com (U.S.)

    Find fun things to do within the United States, for Americans and visitors alike

    EXERCISE

    Best Treadmill Reviews for 2017

    Yes, that horrid "E" word has made a come back. But it need not have to be boring. There are many ways to exercise and we recommend getting into a workout class with friends at a level that won't kill you off (even if some world governments wish there were fewer older people in the world). Enjoy the class, we say! Better still, with fitness centres not able to play all your favourite latest music due to copyright restrictions (unless you are happy to listen to Les Mills' brand of music, which isn't the greatest on the planet), you should set up your own exercise class with friends. As soon as the aerobic room is free, bring in your own music, play it and you can all exercise exactly how you like it (and the fitness centres cannot get into trouble for it). As for exercising at home, the best all-round exercise is a good quality treadmill. The link above will give you good advice on the best treadmills to buy based on your budget, features, and durability. If you do buy a treadmill, we suggest setting it up in the living room (or separate entertainment room, which seems to be the in thing for new homes these days), watch your favourite music videos and before you know it, you have raised a sweat and burned off enough calories. And it doesn't seem like you had been working hard to achieve it. The way exercising should be.



    F

    FARMERS (AUSTRALIAN), ONLINE HELP FOR

    CSIRO (Australia's top Scientific Research Organisation)

    Farmers Info

    Grain Growers Association

    Pest Genie

    Plant Net

    Rural Assistance Authority

    Weed Identification Tool

    FAX

    eFax.com - Receive free faxes

    With the free eFax account option (yes, it is still available), you will receive your own fax number and a maximum of 10 inbound fax pages per month (used to be 20 pages per month in 2009) but no outgoing faxes are permitted (so use FaxZero.com). To increase the number of fax pages to 150 per month for both receiving and sending (used to be 130 pages in 2009 to help encourage free eFax account owners to upgrade their account), you need to pay for an eFax Plus service costing a minimum of USD$14.13 per month (with a USD$10 once off setup fee). if you exceed the limit, it is USD$0.10 per page. But if you can afford it and do a lot of faxing, there is no limit to how many faxes you can receive or send. There is also an eFax Pro service for serious bulk faxing activities (some people do love their faxes). This will give you 200 free pages every month at a minimum cost of USD$16.63 per month (with a USD$19.95 once off setup fee) and the same USD$0.10 per page if you exceed the limit. All faxes are received in the rather unique efx format and hence you must use a proprietary software tool to read them. You can download eFax Messenger software from the web site to streamline the entire process of reading faxes directly on your computer. However, for Mac users with Intel machines, incredibly the software has never been updated (only works with PowerPC machines). So most Mac users must login online and read the faxes in a web browser. The only one saving grace in all of this is the fact that you can still print the faxes, which means if you have installed a PDF print driver on your intel Mac computer you can effectively save the faxes as high-quality PDFs. So just a little more hassles to gather the faxes for Mac users. eFax is a service offered by j2 Global Communications based in Hollywood, California, Dublin, Ireland, and various other country locations. The free eFax service is offered on the basis that you are happy to receive and view advertisements. If not, you must upgrade to eFax Plus.

    FaxZero - Send free faxes (with an advert on cover sheet)

    Send doc, docx or pdf files as fax documents electronically via FaxZero. Simply upload up to 3 documents and send to a recipient (you enter the details). The free version comes with a small advert on the cover sheet, and you are limited to 5 faxes per day with each fax containing no more than 3 pages plus the cover sheet. To raise the maximum number of pages to 15 plus a cover sheet (and even that is optional) and be advert-free, it will cost US$1.99 per fax with no limits on the number of faxes you send off.

    HelloFax

    FILE: ENCRYPTION

    The open source free standard (PGP is the paid version) is known as GPG (a play on the PGP letters to help show to users that it is essentially the same as the paid version, except keys generated in the paid version will not be compatible with the open source GPG version, so carefully choose the tools you want to use — the free version is powerful enough, but do donate for the tools to be further developed and enhanced). The links below will give you military-grade encryption of your email messages (the best on the planet).

    GPG Tools

    GPG Tools Support

    FILE SHARING

    Binfer App

    This is a secure way of sharing files with someone on the internet without an intermediary (i.e., a third-party file storage and sharing server known in the technical jargon as the Cloud). This app will turn your life sky-blue and free of any cloud service by using your machine as the file storing and sharing device. In that way, people can download the files directly from you (not someone else you don't know). Even better is the fact that the files are encrypted at the source (i.e., your machine). As the makers of the app stated on their web site: "There is a big difference between encrypted at source and encrypted at site. End-to-end encryption [using the Binfer app] prevents intermediaries from accessing your documents. It provides a stronger protection during transfers". That can only mean one thing for you: a more secure way of sharing your files. Please note that there is a subscription plan to activate the app. This is the way the developers of the app can get paid for their efforts.

    Syncthing app

    This is the free alternative to Binfer. Source code is provided free for developers to enhance the app.

    Yandex Disk

    Don't let this file sharing site frighten you off. Described as the Russian equivalent of Google Drive because of its location (the servers are in Russia), the largest search engine specifically catered for Russian citizens, and with quality servers, this is a surprisingly good file-sharing site so long as you are not too concerned about security. Or if you wish to make it harder for Russian hackers and government spies to figure out what you've got, use your own military-grade encryption. That should keep them busy for many years to come. That said, if you have no intellectual property or state secrets to hide or whatever, you will be surprised by the storage capacity of the free and paid versions. Considered better than DropBox for the meagre 2GB of free space you get, you can have 10GB of free storage with Yandex Disk. And for a yearly price of US$20, you can bump it up to 110GB (i.e. the free 10GB + 100GB). Or for US$100 per year, you can enjoy 1TB + 10GB of storage space. Also, because it is based in Russia, it means that not even US government agencies (e.g., the CIA) can access the files on the Russian servers unless you provide an American government employee with a share link. Still not sure? Perhaps we should add the fact that the speed of the servers are the best you can find anywhere in Europe. Users outside Europe and Russia will have variable speeds depending on your location and internet speeds you have with your ISP. Also, keep in mind for international users that bottlenecks at Yandex end is a possibility since it must cater to the shear numbers of people living on the Russian/European continent (best to do it early in the morning Russian time).

    Sync.com

    If that whole Russian thing is still scaring the living daylights out of you, try this Canadian file sharing service. The good thing about the Canadian offering is that these people know a thing or two about good customer service, as well as offering a decent service for the price. For a start, you get 5GB free space just for signing up. Half of that offered by Yandex, but wait! It gets better. A tiny quirk is that each friend referral to the site who successfully sets up an account will earn you a free 1GB of extra space. Not in a sharing mood? No problems. Storage space and pricing are essentially double what the Russian version provides for the paid plans. So for the US$96 per year plan you will get 2TB. Don't worry, given how storage space doubles every two years for the same price, you can be sure the Russians will out do everyone else with something bigger and better.

    pCloud.com

    The alternative to Sync.com, and likely to be a direct competitor, is this file sharing site. The people who run this site boast a highly secure experience when storing and sharing files (see the makers of the Binfer app for their views on this), and the pricing for the paid plans and storage space are surprisingly similar to Sync.com. The only other thing setting pCloud apart from Sync.com is the chance to pay a once only lifetime price. For example, to have 2TB per month for the rest of your, or the organisation's, life, you only need to pay US$350 (assuming pCloud does not go under in some future financial crisis).

    Filehosting.org

    An unusual site in the sense that it requires no sign in or to pay for subscription plans. Everything is absolutely free, and you can upload and download in an unlimited fashion large files of any size. Forget storage space increasing every 2 years. The owner of this site does not know what this means, or sees no limit in storage capacity. You get as much storage as you can handle — the way file storage should be. And forget a lifetime once only payment to use the service. There is none. You just simply use it. The only caveat in using this site is to ensure you retain the share link URL in the email sent to you upon successfully uploading a file. If you should ever lose the email and hence the URL to download the file, you will have to upload the file again. No exceptions. Any files stored on this server will be automatically deleted after 20 days from the last download. To delete it at your own choosing, you will be provided with another link in your email. Just click on the link and the file will be gone. If you must use a cloud service to share a file with someone, this has to be the world's cheapest and simplest file sharing service you can find. Just don't expect top-notch security though. There is a reason why this server is free. Expect the files will be kept and inspected by the web site owner for whatever purposes he/she may find in secret. So never send confidential or sensitive files using this service. If you don't want the owner to snoop around, always encrypt the files.

    FILM SITES

    Hollywood

    Internet Movie Database (IMDB)

    FINANCE

    A Guide to Crowdfunding

    Balance Transfer Credit Card Comparison Site (Australia)

    Compare and Find the Right Credit Cards (Australia)

    Infochoice Credit Cards (Australia)

    My Credit File

    Receive a copy of your credit file despatched within one working day. And while you are at it, check out the Australian-owned credit card comparison service providing 100% unbiased reviews and information to help consumers make the best decisions when choosing the right credit cards.

    The Guardian's Money Unlimited

    No fuss and free advice on financial planning.

    Savings Account Finder Comparison Site

    Veda Advantage

    The largest and most sophisticated provider of business intelligence in Australia and New Zealand.

    FIRES

    All about fires and what to do to prepare and survive a fire

    The free essential information you need to know, as prepared by SUNRISE.

    Aus-emaps

    The locations of major bushfires in Australia.

    NSW Rural Fire Service (Australia)

    A more detailed map of all known bushfires in the state.

    FLATMATE, FIND A

    Easy Room Mate

    Flatmate Finders

    Flight Bookings (see TRAVEL)

    FLORISTS, ONLINE

    Interflora.com.au

    Roses Only, Delivered Australia-wide

    FOOD

    Tea Site

    see also FOOD, RECIPES

    FOOD, RECIPES

    Recipe Source

    CD Kitchen

    Food Epicurious

    FREE BARCODE GENERATORS

    Terry Burton's Free Online EPS/PNG/JPG Barcode Generator

    Free Online Barcode Generator

    FREE BOOKS

    Feedbooks (eBooks for download)

    FREE FILE CONVERSION

    Zamzar, online file converter

    FREE FONTS

    1001 Free Fonts!

    Abstract Fonts

    Font Freak

    FREE FONT CONVERTER

    Free Font Converter (TTF, OTF, PS etc)

    FREE FONT IDENTIFIER

    What The Font (Font Graphic Image to Font Name)

    FREE FORM MAKER

    PHP Form

    FREE LUNCH

    Langar (or "community kitchen") for people looking for a free feed.

    Langar is an essential part of Sikh places of worship (Gurudwaras). The kitchen is run entirely by volunteers through donations. It provides a free lunch for those who need it and for those who think there is no such thing as a free lunch (i.e., they just need to be reminded that not everything has to cost money, just a little of your time to help in the kitchen).

    FREE, PATENTS

    Patents, Free Online

    FREE, SEO (SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMIZATION)

    A major problem with people helping you with any SEO-related activities needed for your web site is who to turn to and who will do a good job at a reasonable price. There are many scammers out there all claiming to spruik their alleged expertise in this field, but often do nothing but run off with your money, or do a pretty bad job with their SEO work anyway. Even more embarrassingly, the so-called SEO experts' own web sites are riddled with worse SEO problems than yours. Time to run for the hills if you see this situation. Or better still, do your own SEO. Download the tools and understand the essentials of applying SEO to your web site by checking out the following links and useful tools. But don't be totally put off by web sites that do offer SEO services. There are some genuine people who do provide a quality service. If you have a choice, download the tools and do the work on your own. But if time is limited and need help, consider some of the quality SEO online services. We will give some examples below.

    1. XML SiteMap Checker

    Apart from building the actual web pages to help publish your content online, your next logical step is to get noticed by other online users on popular search engine sites. To start this process off, you must create a thing called sitemap.xml. This file has to be placed inside your web site at the root level (where the index.htm file for the home page is located). By having this file, you are providing search engines a roadmap of where to go and which pages to look at and have it indexed for inclusion on the search engines database. Then, when people do a search, hopefully the information contained on those web pages will match the search criteria. It is the first essential step to telling search engines how your web site is structured. It is nothing more than a text file organised in the XML format (similar to HTML but more strict in how it should be written, so do go ahead and find an example from another web site to see the pattern to help get you started) and contains the paths to a select or all the web pages in your web site. These paths tell the search engines which web pages to start indexing, and to follow any links on those pages until there are no more links to visit. The bottom line is, if you don't have a sitemap.xml or if it contains errors (such as the wrong paths to web pages, or a malformed XML structure in the file itself), your web site cannot be indexed, and that could mean extremely low rankings in Google and other search engine sites, and so naturally the loss of organic traffic (that's "baaaaddd!!!!!").

    2. Google Keyword Tool

    The next important step is the right choice of keywords that best describe your content for each web page. The keywords mainly go inside the meta tag at the top of the HTML page that handles keywords (check a typical HTML page to see what this looks like), and those words should also appear sprinkled about in the content of the page as well (especially in h1 and h2 headers). When deciding on suitable keywords, do not always think of the most common and obvious ones. Try to think outside the box in terms of the more obscure or unusual word(s) that people might use to search on Google or other search engines. If you need help in broadening the range of related keywords, consider Moz Keyword Explorer. Or try the free Google Keyword Tool (useful in determining the volume and range of words people use in a search engine). Another source of keywords or choice of content or headings to use is AnswerthePublic.com. This one is focused on the sorts of questions people ask of voice assistance devices, such as Amazon's Echo. Whichever tool you use, your web site will benefit from a good selection of the right keywords related to your content. Actually, the better the keywords you use, the more likely your web site will have a high ranking in the search results. Another source of keywords is to look at the competition. What are the keywords they are using? Beyond that, you may have to pay Google to advertise your site. Generally the more you pay Google or other commercially driven search engines, the higher your site will appear in search engine results or as a random advert on the side of the search engine listings.

    3. Online Meta Tag Generator

    Having the right keywords is one thing, but not knowing where to put them can be a bit of an issue if high rankings for your web site in the search results are a must. You have to know how to add meta tags into web pages and do it the right way. Good meta tags do help to improve your search engine position. To help you get this part sorted, use this tool and you will be assured of the meta tags being generated the right way with ease.

    4. Xenu Link Sleuth Tool

    Nothing gets up the proverbial electronic nose of search engine spiders quicker than a web page with broken links. To solve this perennial problem, use this effective PC tool to find those little "broken link" critters. Also comes in handy for checking those pesky Alt tags, as well as generate the essential sitemap for your web site. Still want more? How about a check for backlinks to your URL? Certainly not a one trick pony, you can be assured of a useful multifunctional tool from Xenu. For an equivalent version on a Mac, try the free web link checker known as Integrity.

    5. Google Analytics

    Another useful Google tool for identifying how visitors reach a web site.

    Rigor's free web performance report

    Test a website's performance (similar to Web Page Test, see below), except this one provides details on problem areas within a specified web site and the methods you can employ to improve the situation. Performance simply means how quickly a typical web page in a web site loads to its fully completed stage (when all texts and images are visible and ready to be read). It is good and fine that online users can find your web site through a search engine, but if the pages load slowly, it can be a bit of a turnoff for the users. And some search engines employ sophisticated algorithms to reduce the ranking of web sites that are slow compared to other similar sites. It is best to maximise performance to ensure a high ranking on most search engines in existence.

    Alexa.com

    Enter a URL for a web site and it will show your USA website ranking. The measure is from 0-10; a higher number reveals more quality backlinks for the web site and hence the better the site's rank. Why backlinks? Search engines employ a sophisticated algorithm to determine the likely probability that your web site is of high quality. Among the various tests performed and calculated by the algorithm is one where other web sites provide a link to your web site. Of course, the assumption here is that other people do find your web site of reasonable quality or is useful to them and their readers to go to the trouble of creating a link. Generally this can be unfounded, such as when people exchange URLs to add as a link to their web site as part of the normal business process of "I scratch your back if you scratch mine" so that both will benefit from a high ranking. But it isn't a guarantee that a site is genuinely of high quality. Since search engines are not sophisticated enough to know what is a quality web site, they can only go by how many backlinks exist to your web site from other people's web sites. The more backlinks there are to your web site, the likely your web site is of a higher quality than your competitors and, therefore, get a higher ranking in search engine results.

    Backlink Checker

    Want to know how is linking to your web site? Use this tool. It will tell you who and how many web sites have created a link to your web site.

    Google Trends

    Google Trends is another useful tool in getting the latest information about keywords and how the search trends for keywords change over time. It will give you insights into how online users may change their choice of keywords to find certain web sites.

    Check Page Rank

    Similar to Alexa.com, but with the broader experience of Google to give you an insight into where your web site sits among other web sites. Check the page ranking position at Google PageRank. The measure is from 0-10; a higher number reveals more quality backlinks for the web site and hence the better the site's rank.

    Keyword explorer

    As the name implies, you can do two free keyword searches per day.

    Microsoft Keyword Research Tool

    Check volume (or number) of searches performed on the Bing search engine for selected keywords entered by online users.

    Wordtracker Free Keywords

    UberSuggest

    Wordtracker and UberSuggest provide more help to find a range of keywords related to a given keyword.

    SEMRush

    Find out the search traffic in real-time from Google to a web site and compare with four of your competitors.

    SEOlium

    A site that emphasises accuracy in choice of keywords and ranking on the Google search engine. It is often a hard thing to determine just how accurate other SEO tools and web sites are in providing their results. This is one of the very few that attempts to focus on accurate results. There is a free option, and a pay-per-consumption for more keywords you may require. Check it out and let us know if you think the web site is good.

    Screaming Frog SEO Spider Tool

    Pingdom Tools

    Google Page Speed Insights

    Pingdom and Google Page Speed Insights (includes a browser extension) measure page load times to help you identify pages in your web site needing a reduction in load times.

    Majestic SEO

    Backlink Watch

    Checks backlinks by seeing how web sites link to each other.

    SEO Page Compare Tool

    How does your web site fair on various search engines and competitors' web sites?

    Sitemap Maker

    Make a sitemap for all the major search engines to use and index the pages on your web site.

    Web Page Test

    Test a website's performance. Enter other competitor's web sites to make comparisons. The advantage of faster web page loading is (i) a better user experience and more users visiting the site; and (ii) a higher ranking on most search engine sites (e.g., Google).

    Web Site Load Times, How to Improve

    A complete guide to improving load times for any web page. If you find the Web Page Test is showing sluggishness in your web site, then follow the simple guidelines suggested by this site.

    PAID, SEO (SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMIZATION)

    1. Beakira.com

    It is recommended that you learn and do your own SEO to see the results firsthand from your actions and decide what works and what doesn't. And it is likely to be the cheapest too. But if you must pay someone else to provide SEO services, high quantities of positive reviews have been made of Beakira.com, at prices that are more reasonable than the competitors. Results work best if you have a quality web site with something to offer and/or sell to online users.

    SEOlium

    If you only want accurate keywords from Google to use in your web site, the makers of this web site have made a special effort on this front. Check it and see if they are right.

    FREE, SERVICES

    ASP-Shareware Organisation (free information on PAD files)

    Free.com

    HTML indexer - a tool for website indexing

    ReaderWorks - a compiler for generating e-books from HTML files

    Flash to HTML5 Online Converter

    Shop Free

    FREE, WEB CONTENT

    Apple Developer Resources

    CoolText, Web text generator

    Da Button Factory (Create your own free graphic buttons)

    1000 Pictures Free Desktop Wallpapers

    FREE, SOFTWARE

    AutoDesk TinkerCAD

    This is the stripped down online "use your browser only" free replacement version to AutoDesk 123D Design for PC and Mac. Think of AutoDesk 123D Design as having features midway between TinkerCAD and AutoDesk's current flagship commercial software Fusion360 and you have an idea of what you get in the online version. You lose a little, but at least it is better than getting nothing. The company is aware of this and is offering a time-limited free version to the commercial version (maximum of 3 years for students of educational institutions who need to to learn how to use a CAD program) as an incentive to get users to move over to the best version. Otherwise, AutoDesk 123D Design is no longer supported by the company as it has gathered enough information to determine how users use its software. With the software no longer available from the company's web site (since January 2017) and with no further updates expected, you can still download the slightly better free version from some archived link sites, such as this one. If you have any performance issues with the Mac version of the app, read this Word document. Or create a virtual disk of your own running an older and right OS X version that solves the performance problem (the best way to go while the developer cannot finish the job properly — must be taking a page out of Apple's own software development book).

    DAZ Studio 3D 4.7

    Free 3D modelling program for PC and Mac.

    Free CD Software

    Freeware Files

    MachStudio Pro 2

    Free 3D Visualisation and Animation Program for PC (normally worth $3,999). No longer updated, but works beautifully for PC users.

    Vue Pioneer 11

    Free 3D Landscape Creator for PC and Mac

    FREE, TRAINING

    Free IT Training from Microsoft

    Free HTML Goodies



    G

    GAMES

    Pogo - free online game site

    His Core Arcade Games

    Space Invaders, Play Now!

    Free from http://www.neave.com/games.

    GARDENING

    Burke's Backyard

    Plants of the World

    Weekend Gardener

    Yates

    GateKeeper (OS X), Disable

    GolfWeb

    GENEAOLOGY

    Ancestry.com.au

    Search online for your ancestry, grow you family tree. (Username: ai_NatMuseumAU, Password: welcome5)

    GIFTS, ONLINE DELIVERY OF

    Gift Baskets Australia

    Gifts and gift ideas for any occasion search through our huge range of Australian Gifts. Safe and secure online shopping.

    Gift Sensations (Australia)

    Hunter Valley Hampers (Australia)

    Gift baskets and Hampers from Hunter Valley Wine Country)

    see also FLORISTS, ONLINE



    H

    HEALTH

    A WORD OF ADVICE: Before embarking on any suggested natural health remedy or exercise from the following web sites, always seek the professional advice of your family doctor. He/she will be able to assess your current health status and determine if the remedy or exercise is suitable for your circumstances or suggest alternatives. In particular, your doctor will always let you know whether the remedy or exercise may interfere with any prescribed medication you may be taking.

    Aromatherapy.com

    A naturally controversial area and if applied correctly can have some known medical benefits. However, its primary aim is to elevate your positive emotions (in other words, you will only get smells and liquids that you and your body will enjoy). Why? Because positive emotions are essential to improving your health over the long term by releasing the right hormones and other biochemicals into the body from places like the pituitary glands and helps to keep your mind thinking in a positive way. Placebo effect or not, if it works for you, you should try it. It is not meant to be the ultimate solution to all ailments known to humankind, but rather see aromatherapy as part of a complete plan to maximising your health and wellbeing.

    Natural Therapy Pages

    Yoga for Beginners

    A great site on yoga for beginners and the more advanced students. Numerous free (although recommended you provide a donation to cover bandwidth costs for the owner) downloadable DVDs in HD format for you to download. Are these people crazy? Perhaps. But as the owners say, "there is not enough giving in the world". We can't agree more. Thank you!

    see also MEDICINE

    HEALTH FOODS THAT WORK

    Nutritional Yeast

    A strain of yeast known as Saccharomyces cerevisiae are prepared for human consumption by killing off the little critters so you do not have to experience the fermentation process inside your gut. Once dead, they can be consumed in small quantities (usually sprinkled like salt over foods to give it a slightly salty, nutty and cheesy taste) to provide a variety of known and proven health benefits, including joint pain relief, extra mental alertness, and release energy reserves of the body. It comes packed with all the essential amino acids needed to be obtained from food for protein building, and it is rich in B vitamins such as thiamine, naicin, and B6. Some nutritional yeast products may come fortified with extra B12, but other than that, nutritional yeast is a remarkably complete food. Minerals of magnesium, copper and manganese are found in trace quantities within the yeast to benefit the body in a positive way. Finally, a 2013 study published in the British Journal of Nutrition claims the beta-glucan fibre derived from the nutritional yeast consumed over a 10-day period had physically increased the number of immune cells circulating in the blood stream. This paved the way for another study that showed beta-glucan can assist in reducing the chances of getting the common cold, and if you do get it, to recover from it quicker compared to those participants who received a placebo.

    Vitamin C and Zinc

    A well-known combination of an antioxidant vitamin and a mineral substance have been found to be effective in reducing the number of infections and lowering the likelihood of getting the common cold, and if you do get it, to reduce its severity and time to recover. The consumption of some vitamin C has been found to stimulate the production of white blood cells. Some of the white blood cells produced include phagocytic leukocytes which will release chemicals called interferons considered essential to combating viral infections. Another useful benefit of the vitamin is the production of collagen used in connective tissues such as tendons, ligaments and blood vessels. Also, there are different studies suggesting the vitamin can help to lower both triglycerides and bad cholesterol (known as LDL); and in one study it claimed that the vitamin helped to synthesize a neurotransmitter called synthesize norepinephrine considered of benefit in improving your mood. The only downside to ingesting vitamin C is never to take it in large quantities as it is toxic to the body. But in the right amounts, there is enough scientific evidence to show it has proven health benefits for the mind and body. As for zinc, it is an important mineral used in the production and functioning of many enzymes in the body needed to perform things like improving the immune system, and to convert vitamin A to retinol for a healthy functioning of the eye. Cell membranes also benefit from zinc by keep them strong and healthy.

    Henriette's Herbal Homepage

    HISTORY

    Evolution of Life on Earth (SUNRISE)

    Timeline Index

    Homebrew for Mac

    The missing macOS utility that makes life easy for developers. To install Homebrew:

    1. Open Terminal.app from the Utilities folder inside the Applications folder.
    2. Run the following command: /usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
    3. Enter the administrator password to begin installation
    4. To confirm the installation was completed successfully, run the following command: brew help.

    HOME DECOR

    ADS Painters & Decorators Limited (UK)

    London's leading painters and decorators.

    ConnectHome (UK)

    Shop online for a wide selection of home and office furniture, kitchen appliances and gadgets at low internet prices and fast home delivery service.

    Darby Creek Trading

    Kitchenware Direct

    Blinds and Curtains (UK)

    HORSES

    Monty Roberts Horse Breeding Farm

    HOTELS

    Booking.com

    Global Hotel Alliance

    Hotels Combined

    Kayak

    The world's second biggest hotel price comparison site (the biggest being Trivago).

    Trivago

    The world's top hotel price comparison site with over 700,000 hotels.

    Wotif, cheap hotel deals in 36 countries

    HOUSE, BUY, SELL OR RENT

    All Homes (Australia)

    Domain.com.au (Australia)

    Finder.com (Australia)

    Finder.com is a 100% free service for comparing the leading home loans and other products.

    What price my house? (Australia)

    Property.com.au (Australia)

    Domain (Australia)

    Real Estate (Australia)

    realestateVIEW.com.au

    HOUSE REPAIRS, RENOVATIONS & ADVICE

    ConnectHome's Do It Yourself (DIY) Power Tools

    Shop online for a wide selection of DIY power tools at low internet prices and fast home delivery service.

    Everything you need to know about DIY

    Expertise.com's Home and Garden Resource

    Home One

    Service Central (Find a Tradesperson)

    HTML, LEARNING

    HTML Goodies (for beginners and advanced)

    HTML5 - The Ultimate Cheat Sheet (PDF version available here)

    HUMOUR

    Funny.co.uk

    Most Popular Funny Websites



    I

    Icon Finder

    IMAGES, FREE (You only need to give credit to original owners)

    Free Images

    Gratisography

    IM Creator

    Morgue File

    New Old Stock

    Mostly antique images taken by government agencies.

    Pixabay (General photos and pictures)

    Unsplash (Attractive hi-res landscapes)

    IMAGES, FREE

    No attribution required and use for as long as you like for any purpose.

    Getrefe

    Natural shots by professional photographers travelling overseas.

    Picjumbo

    General photos you can use.

    Picography

    Public Domain Images

    INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN TOOLS

    How big is my browser window

    Apart from working out who the target audience is (e.g., age, number of users, etc.), it is also a good idea to know how large the window is of the devices that will be used for learning. Open a web browser to maximum size on those devices and let this web site calculate the size for you. Simple and sweet. Provides very useful information when deciding how to design your presentations in the optimal way for the students.

    Adobe After Effects

    If no interactivity from the user is required, this is a powerful tool to create professional instructional or documentary-style videos. We call this passive learning, but still very effective.

    Adobe Captivate

    This is a simplified version of Adobe After Effects with a focus on creating Flash (SWF) or HTML5 interactive video presentations. Contained at its core is the original Aldus/Adobe Persuasion app of the 1990s for creating slide presentations, but Adobe has now revamped the app and its interface and given it the ability to save as an SWF/HTML5 file. Captivate is not a perfect app. Things like viewing the page size as a portrait is not always faithfully shown and requires further adjustments in the Properties panel to tell the app to show the page properly. It is the newest app in Adobe's product collection, so expect more improvements to come over the next few years. Even without the improvements, Adobe Captivate is the tool of the trade for many instructional designers, and is often used to add moments where students can make choices of where to go in a presentation as well as adding multiple choice questions or "fill in the blank word" learning aids that will help students to test their own knowledge after viewing the presentation (which generally improves learning).

    INTERNET: ADVICE

    13 ways to Increase Your Download Speed (also available from here)

    Cyberbullying, Stop (also available from here)

    NetSafe

    Help with online harassment, cyberbullying and abuse, as well as advice on online scams and security.

    Report image-based abuse in Australia.

    Report unauthorised use of sexual images online for the under 18 years of age for Australian residents only.

    What Internet Speed Do You Need?

    As more and more people work from home and need to do more with their internet, it is important to get an idea of the sorts of speeds and bandwidth you may require to handle different types of digital information. Regular Zoom meetings, using a quality microphone to send your voice to others in the clearest way, and downloading visually-rich information from online streaming sites are usually much more taxing on your internet speed and bandwidth than, say, reading an email. To help you determine how much speed you require and the type of internet delivery systems available to handle this information, feel free to have a read of this article.

    INTERNET: FIREWALLS

    Fortinet Fortigate

    As Wikipedia says, "Fortinet is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Sunnyvale, California. It develops and markets cybersecurity software and appliances and services, such as firewalls, anti-virus, intrusion prevention and endpoint security". The company is now a leader in providing world-class security tools to the largest enterprise, service provider, and small business organizations around the world.

    Corero SmartWall Network Threat Defense System

    Strengthen your network security with real-time DDoS protection solutions using Corero SmartWall Threat Defense System appliances and services. When combined with the Fortinet Fortigate solutions, you will have a formidable defence system against rogue hackers and those state sponsored in China and Russia. Welcome to the future of internet security.

    INTERNET: IP ADDRESS

    Guardster

    Free and paid anonymous web browsing services.

    Hide your IP address

    Pretend to be a German internet user for free

    IP Tracer

    Understanding Different IP Address Classes

    x My IP

    Check your IP number and other details while online.

    INTERNET: DNS and IP ADDRESS LEAK TESTS

    IP Leak

    Perfect Privacy Check IP

    IPx

    Browser Leaks

    Perfect Privacy DNS Leak Test

    DNS Leak

    INTERNET: REMOVING GEOGRAPHICAL RESTRICTIONS

    The links below are favourites for many users, but they are not the only ones out there. These services hide your IP address with an anonymous version (thereby removing the geographical restrictions), and with added encryption using a supplied public GPG key for the highest security.

    Express VPN (Netflix-friendly)

    IVPN (Malta)

    LiquidVPN (Wyoming, USA, Netflix-friendly)

    Mullvad (Sweden)

    NordVPN (Panama, Netflix-friendly)

    Windscribe (free and paid options that avoid US-based VPNs)

    INTERNET SAFETY

    see CHILD SAFETY INTERNET ADVICE

    INTERNET: SEARCH ENGINES

    see WEB SEARCH ENGINES

    INTERNET SECURITY

    .

    A Guide to Public WiFi Security# (Surfshark)

    Computer & Communications Industry Association

    Protecting Yourself from Cyber Criminals

    Security issues (SUNRISE)

    Security measures (SUNRISE)

    see also DEAPPLISE, DEMICROSOFTISE, DEGOOGALISE etc.

    ISPs

    Aussie Broadband

    This ISP is recommended only because SUNRISE does not want to see more people on its preferred network provider. For those users already with this recommended ISP, we recommend that every time you see the ISP write to you in an email saying, "P.S. We love referrals at Aussie Broadband - if you have any friends or family members who would love our services, simply click here and fill out the form. We'll give you a $50 credit on your account when they sign up, and they'll receive a credit too!", just write back saying, "No thanks! Any more friends and family members will only slow down the network (it is already slow as it is. Even the 4G network is faster than wireless Aussie Broadband NBN)."

    IT SERVICES

    Managed Networks IT support (UK)

    Managed Networks deliver proactive IT support to businesses across the UK designed and made to work, rather than just selling technology.



    J

    JOB SEEKERS, AUSTRALIAN

    Adzuna (formerly mycareer.com.au)

    Adzuna is Fairfax's primary online job listings brand in Australia. Its greatest strength lies in its ability to search hundreds of websites and delivers all current job vacancies on one site, making Adzuna a valuable time-saving and powerful online tool for all job seekers. Welcome to the future of job searching, the way Australians like to see it.

    Australia's Fair Work System

    Information on Australian Workplace Agreements (AWA) and other workplace relations issues and their related agencies, and advice regarding Freedom of Association provisions of the Federal Workplace Relations Act 1996. A useful site if you ever need to make sure your employer is doing the right thing and you are getting a fair wage for a fair day's work.

    careerjet.com.au

    careerone.com.au

    centrelink.gov.au

    gigajob.com

    Gigajob.com is a free and easy-to-use job search tool established in 1996 to help people find jobs in Australia and other countries fast. You can do your own searching, or receive automatic email notifications of suitable jobs after signing up (you can cancel at any time). And you can post your own job ads in the most proactive method of finding jobs you can do today. Employers are not left out in the cold too with tools to enable you to create jobs for free.

    manpower.com.au

    Open College's Career and Jobs Advice

    Receive professional advice from the net's top career experts about finding a job.

    Recruit.net (Australia)

    Recruit.net allows job seekers to instantly find millions of jobs across thousands of web sites within a single search. Job listings are displayed from corporate web sites, job boards, recruitment agencies and numerous other sources.

    Seek Communications Pty Ltd (Australia)

    wagenet.gov.au

    Your Fair Work Rights (NSW)

    JOB SEEKERS, INTERNATIONAL

    ICE Recruit

    ICE is the Institute of Civil Engineers, and is the place for UK and International job vacancies for civil engineers.

    JobLife (South Africa)

    People in the South African market will be served well by visiting the combination of JobSpace, JobLife and Zigo for all local employment, training and internship programs. Job seekers can upload a CV to improve their chances of being employed, or to get extra training. Employers can post job ads and search CVs from job seekers. Can it be any simpler?

    JobNexus Resume/CV templates

    Surprisingly well-designed resume/CV templates you can download and use right now. No credit card or personal details to supply, or even an account you must set up. More importantly you can modify the templates from the privacy of your own home because they all come as Microsoft Word documents. Not even the paid variety of resume building and template download services of other sites can beat that. So enjoy! A TIP FOR JOB SEEKERS: If you see people asking you to fill in fields with your personal details on an online page just to download their allegedly free resume/CV template, always use bogus details. For example, First name: Any; Last Name: User; Address: Any Street, Any City, Antarctica, 0000. That is the kind of thing you should be doing. And if you see samples of text you could use to include in your resume, click all the options. Later, once you have downloaded the template, you can pick and choose which text suits your situation. Beware of the ones where they suddenly and unexpectedly spring it on you at the end that you have to pay even though they claimed at the start that the templates were free.

    Jooble (International)

    Jobs across the world. If you are living in specific countries or intend to make a trip or move to another country and need a job, Jooble is the place to visit.

    New China Career

    NewChinaCareer is the leading English language search engine for jobs in China currently offering 500,000 fresh career opportunities across China and Hong Kong. And don't think for a moment that those billion plus Chinese people living in the country have got all the jobs covered. China is always on the search for new and fresh talent from international (i.e., non-Chinese) people if you have the skills that Chinese employers are looking for.

    Novo Resume/CV/Cover Letters templates (free)

    Novo Resume/CV/Cover Letters templates (free)

    Prepare your Finances when Working Abroad

    JOB MAKERS

    Airtasker.com

    Based on the same approach taken by Freelancer.com, Upload.com and others to link freelancers with any jobs/projects you may have, The only difference here is that whereas Freelancer.com and others rely on freelancers around the world to work on projects you may have, Airtasker physically brings local talent right to your doorstep. Need the plumber for those leakages you can't seem to get fixed right? No problems. Just post a job on Airtasker and be surprised by how many tradespeople are willing to help out and do the work at the right price. Again like other sites, you can compare and choose who you think is suitable from the available talent pool of skilled persons. No job is considered too small for Airtasker. If there is something you need to get done and don't have the time to do it yourself, get it done with Airtasker. Finally, if you are not sure who comes to your home is a genuine Airtasker job seeker, you will know from the unmistakable blue T-shirt with the words "Airtasker" written right across the front. Don't worry, you are in safe hands.

    Freelancer.com

    A popular site for getting work done. Open up the range of people throughout the world to help on your projects, and be surprised at what you can get done. Even though it is an Australian-based job-creation and job-seekers paradise, practically anyone in the world can join. The only thing you need to be careful with are freelancers who are just starting out and actually don't have a lot of skills. Always check their portfolio and make sure they have done a fair bit of work for clients/employers using Freelancer. If the rating is very positive and people are making statements along the lines of "Bloody brilliant!", or "Geez, this guy knows what he is talking about", then you are on a good thing and towards a successful completion of your project(s). This is really the future of employment. But be careful not to exploit the freelancers. If you do intend to hire a person for a long-time, just employ them properly and give them all the entitlements they deserve for being a good worker. Nothing like a fair employer paying well to keep the employees coming back for more (and supports the economy too).

    Upwork.com

    Another popular site for getting work done. This is the American version of Freelancer.com. Expect quality freelancers to be available at this web site from America and across the globe.

    Juice Extractors (Everything you need to know)

    Just Answer (Ask for Advice on any topic)



    L

    Lawn Mowers, Electric (2019 Review). YouTube Review

    LEGAL ADVICE

    Expertise.com's Legal Resource

    Legal Aid (NSW, Australia)

    Medical Compensation Legal Advice (Australia)

    LIBRARIES, WORLD

    British Library

    Library of Congress (LC)

    National Library of Australia

    LIBRARY DATABASES

    Library of Congress (LC)

    LIBRARY SERVICES

    FormSwift's English Lesson Plan Creator

    FormSwift's Math Lesson Plan Creator

    FormSwift's Science Lesson Plan Creator

    Librarian's Index to the Internet (The IPL Librarian)

    Virtual Learning Resources Center (VirtualLRC.com)

    see also BIBLIOGRAPHIC DATABASES, LIBRARY DATABASES, SUBJECT GATEWAYS, SEARCH ENGINES, ONLINE ENCYCLOPEDIAS, DICTIONARIES, ELECTRONIC JOURNALS and SEARCH ENGINES

    Lonely Planet, The



    M

    MACINTOSH REPAIRS AND PARTS

    PB Parts

    DTT service

    iResQ

    iFix It (The best)

    MACINTOSH TIPS

    iCloud, Turn Off

    Improving macOS Performance

    Remove Extended Attributes

    MALWARE & VIRUS FILE CHECKER

    Bitdefender QuickScan

    Fast and free online virus scanner.

    Jotti's free online virus scan

    Free scan of any file using multiple online virus checking sites.

    MAPS

    Find-A-Street

    Google Maps

    Map Quest

    MBA (MANAGEMENT TRAINING)

    Online MBA

    Get information from the best online MBA programs with free reports from top ranked US schools.

    MEDICINE

    Center for Adolescent and Family Studies

    BioMedSearch

    World's largest free biomedical search engine.

    Doctors.net.uk (UK)

    Europe's leading online medical community.

    Lancet Global Health Network, The

    Health Insite

    Henriette's Herbal Homepage

    Medical Health Tests

    Medlineplus

    Mood Gym

    How to Meditate

    US National Library of Medicine

    WebMD, Comprehensive health database

    Your Diagnosis

    MEN'S SERVICES

    Men's Shed

    Provides a place for men to socialise, network, make friends and share skills. Includes discussion forums, lifestyle and health information, events calendar and more.

    Microsoft Corporation

    Microsoft Excel Viewer (PC) Installer for 97-2004 format

    Microsoft Word Viewer (PC) Installer for 97-2004 format

    Minute your Meetings

    MORTGAGE, CHOOSE A

    eChoice (Australia)

    Mortgage Choice (Australia)

    Mortgage Rate Comparison (Australia)

    MOVIES, CHECK TIMES FOR

    Urban Cine File

    Reviews, previews and online trailers.

    MUSIC AND VIDEOS

    Sanity, New CD sales at

    Incompetech's royalty-free music



    N

    NASA

    Multimedia Page

    NASA's Visible Earth Images

    NEWSPAPERS & ONLINE NEWS

    Frontline World PBS

    New York Times (U.S.)

    Sydney Morning Herald (Australia)

    The Age (Australia)

    The Guardian (UK)

    The Nation (Pakistan)

    The Press (New Zealand)

    The Times (UK)

    This Day in History (UK)

    Times of India (India)

    Washington Post (U.S.)



    O

    Oxford English Dictionary Online

    OLD PEOPLE INFORMATION SERVICE

    Hells Geriatrics

    Order Form with PDF Attach and Send

    If you have a copy of Microsoft Excel for PC, you can enjoy this versatile and easily modifiable order form with a built-in VBA script to create a PDF of the order form, attach it to your Microsoft Outlook message, add a message, and send automatically. Use it to record your favourite items in two main tables (title names are modifiable). Then all you do afterwards is specify quantity and click the Send Order Form button. Nothing could be simpler. Suitable for people who have suppliers with the facility to process order forms as a PDF in email messages. NOTE: Send To and Customer fields are used in the VBA to create the email message. Enjoy!



    P

    Patents, Free Online

    Poetry Society, The

    Plants of the World

    PARENTS, INFORMATION FOR

    Raising Children

    An Australian resource for anyone wishing to understand how to look after newborns right up to teens.

    PHONES, SMART

    Forensic Flasher Boxes (also called Shoeboxes)

    As used by law enforcement agencies, the Australian Tax Office, and anyone with an interest to hack your mobile phone and access all your personal data.

    Unlocking services

    PHOTOGRAPHY

    Can Stock Photo (Search and buy royalty-free images)

    Can Stock Photo offers over 6 million professional royalty free stock photos. High-quality images start at just $1.00 and offers a generous license agreement to give you the flexibility you need. Free weekly downloads with thousands of new images added every week.

    Expertise.com's Design and Photography Resource

    Foto Search Stock Photography and Stock Footage

    Allows users to search from more than 7 million images and 65,000 video clips from 140 quality stock photography publishers at one site. Top footage vendors available include Artbeats, Corbis, Creatas Footage, Digital Hotcakes, Getty, Film Disc, National Geographic, Reel House, among many others. Users can also find royalty-free clipart pictures, illustrations, stock video clips and more.

    Free online EXIF tool to view hidden data in your photographs.

    Photographers Gallery, The (UK)

    PhotoAccess (Australia)

    PicScout

    A free online tool for web site owners to check copyright and licensing information of image files. This tool will also help you to check against known images held in the Getty Images database and so avoid those infamous extortion letters from the lawyers at Getty Images that often like to demand highly inflated payments that do not represent the true and fair market value for similar licensed images elsewhere online.

    Pixnio Images (Free for commercial or personal use).

    PriceSpy, Australian hardware price comparison site

    Pixabay

    Royalty-free and purchase free images for your commercial or non-commercial projects.

    PODCASTING "BROADCAST QUALITY" MICROPHONES

    While it is possible to survive with the microphone on your computer for sound pickup and let the computer record it for use in podcasting, the quality is atrocious. Let's face it, your voice is going to sound tinny like it came from a cheap transistor radio. You need either a condenser or dynamic microphone designed specifically to record sounds over a wider range of frequencies and can boost the frequencies in certain areas to help give your voice the richness and quality it deserves. Dynamic microphones are good in the sense that they cut out a lot of extraneous background noise while focusing on your voice, but you often need to be within three inches of the microphone with a decent strong voice that travels to get the most from it. Nevertheless, the quality of the sound coming through a dynamic microphone is outstanding. For an example of a quality low-cost dynamic microphone consider this one from Rode. Condenser microphones, on the other hand, are surprisingly good quality to the point where you wonder why you would bother going for a dynamic microphone. It can still do an excellent job at cutting back a lot of the background noise. However, more crucially, it is more sensitive to sounds coming in from a certain direction. You can sit back to, say, 7 to 12 inches, from the microphone and it will pick up remarkably well even if you are a timid and shy person with a meek voice or want to whisper sweet nothings to your romantic partner. When it comes to gaming, creating YouTube video podcasts, or anything else that requires your voice to be at its best, you are better off getting a decent microphone for the job. Below are links to the best low-cost condenser microphones (compatible with PC and Mac) that have been given the highest praise by users because of the quality of the sound, together with any other useful features to make life easier in this area.

    Antlion Audio ModMic

    It is common for the average consumer to first look for a headset with a built-in microphone thinking this s the way to create a good audio for their podcasts. They will often be directed to the gaming section of the shop by sales people mainly because that is where most computer gaming enthusiasts go to pick one up. By the time you get there, you are quickly overwhelmed by the range of wired and wireless headsets to choose from. Unless people working in the store are gaming enthusiasts themselves, it is hard for them to recommend a quality headset and microphone combo other than stating that two or three companies do make some decent products, but within each one of them can be at least 5 different headsets to choose from. You can easily spend over $1,000 trying each one and discover 95 per cent of them are fairly ordinary. Sound quality from the headset's own speakers is one issue, but often the other biggest problem is the microphone. Now if you are looking for a quality headset and microphone combo that is the best, we recommend grabbing a quality headset dedicated to producing a rich sound costing $200 or more, and then putting on a magnetically attachable ModMic from Antlion Audio. The speakers inside the headset, if they are of good quality, will have strong magnets and this is the means by which the microphone is attached. The quality of the microphone from Antlion is the best available of this type. Any other microphone attached to a headset by other manufacturers sounds mediocre in comparison. However, for a higher quality microphone, you must consider looking at the more dedicated variety described below that does the job properly.

    Blue Yeti Pro Microphone

    This one is a little more expensive, but worth it for its features and flexibility, as well as the fact that the quality of the sounds picked up and processed by this product is exceptional. There are cheaper options, such as Blue Yeti X and the original Blue Yeti. Both are highly popular, and will provide the almost identical quality sound pick-up you would expect from this company, except they both use a USB connection. In this day-and-age where USB connections can wear down, you would expect by now that the manufacturers would have moved on to Bluetooth (or possibly WiFi although more information, and hence a high quality sound, is best done through Bluetooth). They don't because they are hoping that consumers will break or damage the connection and eventually buy another one thinking this is the way to maintain profits. If you can get a wireless version with a rechargeable lithium-ion battery that can be recharged wirelessly using QI technology (and lasts at least 6 hours per charge) that would be the perfect solution (even if it is considered bad for manufacturers seeking a profit). As no microphone product exists that can do all these things, you will have to compromise. There is nothing one can do with the power situation other than to plug a cable into the microphone. But when it comes to sending sound from the microphone to your computer, this can be made wireless. With Blue Yeti Pro, there is a USB port to get the power it needs (and send the sound signal direct to a computer) and a separate XLR connector for getting the sound information to a separate unit before going into the computer. But that requires extra cabling. So to make it wireless, you can plug a Alto Pro BT TOTAL Rechargeable Bluetooth XLR Transceiver device into it. The aim here is to get maximum flexibility. Otherwise, the original Blue Yeti can be purchased for as little as $100 nowadays, and still remains to this day a great buy for what is essentially a quality microphone. To make this cheaper product wireless, you can purchase a USB to Bluetooth device. However, once again you are caught out by the fact that there is only one USB port and that is used to power the microphone as well. In fact, all microphone products available in the marketplace will only offer one USB port. If you can live with one USB port, the Blue Yeti does offer some nifty features, including:

    • Omnidirectional (sounds are picked up from all directions thanks to the three microphones embedded in Blue Yeti).
    • Cardioid (sounds are picked up predominantly in one direction, which is usually one person talking).
    • Bidirectional microphones (mainly used for two people talking to each other without other noises at the sides interfering), and,
    • Stereo (sounds are picked up everywhere with greater sensitivity in the two directions needed to create the effect of sound moving from left to right sound channels and vice versa).

    If there is any drawback in the Blue Yeti product, it has to be a lack of a shock mount and a pop filter (used to reduce the unpleasant popping sound when you pronunciate words starting with the letter "p"), which is often essential to include.

    HyperX QuadCast USB Microphone

    The only thing missing with all Blue Yeti products is the lack of a shock-mount stand. What it does come with is a standard mount where the slightest vibrations and knocks of the stand are likely to be picked up by the microphone. Realising this shortcoming, HyperX has produced a modern and pretty-looking microphone using less power and modern electronics. The sound pick-up and quality of the output is comparable to Blue Yeti. But just as important is that it comes with a shock mount as standard. Pricewise it is a little more expensive than the standard Blue Yeti at around $150. In fact, being a more modern product, it is actually cheaper to build but has been priced to show the quality is just as good and solidly constructed as the Blue Yeti but with the quality stand it needs to make it a more attractive proposition, So by the time you purchase a compatible shock mount for the Blue Yeti and a pop filter, you will end up paying the same price. The HyperX QuadCast has essentially the same sorts of features as Blue Yeti, except it is better designed and has an added fancy feature of glowing red at the top when the microphone is turned on. This can be important in that some people have been caught out in not seeing the light turned on and end up saying things they regret later when people online are listening in. By having the red light glowing very clearly, there is no mistake the microphone is picking up sound and sending it to who knows where. There is no option to turn off the red light and still use the microphone. It must light up during normal use. There is a quick and convenient Mute touch button directly on top (and that's the only thing that will turn off the red light), and a volume/gain control at the base of the microphone. Like the Blue Yeti, the HyperX product is solidly constructed with a metal external casing.

    Samson G-Track Pro Microphone

    The Samson G-Track Pro is a very capable microphone. More expensive than HyperX Quadcast and comparable in price to the Blue Yeti Pro, the company has taken on a slightly different approach to the competitors. Instead of supplying a more expensive shock mount stand, it has relied on the weight of the stand to minimise vibrations and so keep the manufacturing costs down. But to get consumers to see the advantage of buying this product, Samson has added a feature that will allow you to add and extra sound source such as a musical instrument or a recorded instrumental version of a song and you can sing along and listen to the quality of your voice through a headphones attached to the microphone or direct to your computer. A useful idea bound to interest a number of consumers. Beyond that, the product is exceptional in the quality of the pick up and reproduction of the sounds. Indeed, the more you pay, the slightly richer the sounds. This product is no exception. However, if you are not an audio aficionado, you may not notice much difference with Blue Yeti and Hyper X Quadcast. So you will have to decide whether it is worth paying the $250 price tag for this exceptional product. If the Sonson product did also come with an XLR connector, this would have won out over Blue Yeti Pro. But since it doesn't, most people will have to settle for cheaper options. And certainly if any microphone can have wireless charging and wireless sending of the sound signal built-in and as standard for under $200 and with the same level of audio quality, it will win out over any product in the marketplace today, cheaper or more expensive.

    Rode NT-USB Microphone

    Rode is an Australian-based company that makes low-cost but incredibly high quality microphones. The build of the microphones are second-to-none with a standard all-metal solid casing, and the sound output is as good as the Samson or even higher priced microphones. This recommended product is the one to compete with other USB-based microphone products mentioned above. At $149 it is well-priced. However, you will need to buy a small stand for $40 to at least lift the microphone to about chin level and this will not be a shock mount variety. Or else you must carry it in the hand (feasible to do if you are a one-hand typist on the keyboard).

    PUBLISHER SERVICES

    Book Data

    CreateSpace (US)

    Helps writers of new books to become self-published authors thanks to a range of packages you can purchase to turn your manuscript into a worldwide global success (but make sure people love reading it!). Editing, illustrations, book cover designs, marketing is provided. And you have the option to set price for your book. Print on Demand (PoD) from one to any number of books comes as standard.

    IngramSpark (US, Australia, UK)

    No special packages provided. It is assumed you have mastered the art of designing, editing, and promoting/marketing your books. This place just provides the lowest priced printing possible for both colour and B&W with a quality that is just as good as any publishing house on the planet. In fact, some publishing houses use IngramSpark to print their books. PoD as little as one book, or any number of books you need printed.

    New Generation Publishing (UK)

    Similar to CreateSpace in the U.S. with its various packages you can buy to help you self-publish your book to a professional level. Everything from editing, book cover design, to marketing your book. While it might be based in the U.K., no book from overseas is overlooked. And the services provided are second-to-none.

    See also AMAZON KINDLE PUBLISHING, PRINTING SERVICES

    PRINTING SERVICES

    i-loveprint.com (China)

    i-loveprint.com is a leading exporter and manufacturer of printing services in China. Major products printed are books, brochures, catalogue, folders, flyers, magazines, labels/stickers, and sticky memo pads, but can include any other printing materials.

    PROMOTION

    Tomoson.com

    Similar to UpWork.com with its variety of freelancers available to hire for their expert services, but this one is catered to freelancers who specialise in marketing and promotion. If you have any services or products you wish to sell in the marketplace (whether online or elsewhere) and need ways to promote them, there are plenty of freelancers at this web site to help you in your aims. From blogging on various web sites to developing a advertisement brochure, you will be sure to find the right people at www.tomoson.com.

    PROPERTY

    iSeek Developments

    Mainly for prospective property developers and investors seeking places in Australia with development potential. Now partnered with Homely.com.au, you can see which property will have development potential by clicking on a link to receive a free (and unlimited) feasibility report. Before embarking on any major project of this nature, do your own homework by checking the interest rate from the banks if you have to borrow money (this is expected to rise sometime in 2018), the location of the property, and whether the market is there from people willing to buy your property as well as the type of building you might decide to build on it.



    Q

    Quotable Quotations

    Quotes for all occasions



    R

    RADIO

    RadioTower.com (Internet)

    RECYCLING

    Cash-a-Phone

    Get cash for your old mobile phone!

    Green Eco Path

    REFERENCES

    Grammar, Online English

    Online Dictionary and Thesaurus

    OneLook Dictionary

    Oxford English Dictionary Online

    Quotable Quotations

    see also DICTIONARIES

    RENOVATIONS, QUESTIONS ON

    see HOUSEHOLD REPAIRS AND RENOVATIONS

    RENT, HOME

    TICA - Australia's Largest National Tenant Database

    RESEARCH

    CommerceNet - Latest technologies and surveys

    US Patent search tool, free

    US Patent Office

    RESTAURANTS, SEARCH

    MenuLog — Australia's largest restaurant guide



    S

    SCHOOL FRIEND, FIND A

    Oz Reunion

    SEARCH SITES

    Blinkx.com (Video Search)

    Dogpile.com

    DuckDuckGo.com

    An open-source community-based search engine with an emphasis on security and privacy. Of all the search engines, this is the one to watch not just in terms of competing against Google, but is gaining popularity as the most privacy-protected and security conscious of all the search engines, and so carving out a unique niche in this market. This means there is no policy or effort by the people at DuckDuckGo to collect data about your personal details and web habits as commonly seen with Google Analytics (and now being used by other corporations and businesses, such as Apple when selling the Mac version of FileMaker Pro 15 to help the company find some way to identify you through Google if your computer happens to have anonymous personal details and you do not want to provide personal details to Apple). In fact, many the biggest search engine corporations (including Yahoo.com) are quickly following in the footsteps of Google. DuckDuckGo, on the other hand, is a refreshingly different approach and far better in protecting your privacy.

    Find How (Solving Everyday Problems)

    Geody (World Map Search)

    Google.com

    Google.com (More secure)

    Google.com (Search Mac Sites)

    Google.com (Search Images)

    MySpace (Search People)

    Startpage.com

    Startpage.com is the world's most private search engine. It fetches results from the Google search engine without saving the users' IP addresses or giving any personal user information to Google servers.

    Yahoo.com

    SECURITY ISSUES, CYBER

    see INTERNET SECURITY

    Service Seeking - Get A Better Quote (Australia)

    For education courses in cyber security, see EDUCATION, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    SHOPPING

    Shopzilla.com

    Wal-Mart

    SOCIAL

    Consumer World

    eHarmony

    The most reputable and trusted dating site for Australian people.

    Facebook.com

    The biggest social network on the planet.

    Meetup.com

    Events happening around your area in Australia brought together by dedicated organizers to suit your interests and meet new people.

    Myspace.com

    An alternative social networking site.

    SOFTWARE, 3D

    Blender 3D

    AutoDesk Maya 3D

    Foundry Modo 3D

    Maxon Cinema 4D

    SOFTWARE DOWNLOADS

    Apponic

    BrotherSoft.com

    CNET Downloader

    Formerly VersionTracker.com was the most popular prior to 2009, now just a news and advertising site combined with a search engine to find software titles.

    FileCroco.com

    FilePlanet.com (for Gamers)

    Freeware Files

    MacUpdate

    The most popular Mac software download site as of 2009. Only one problem: the people who run the site are not always willing to listen to software developer's requests for reasonable changes. So a lot of rubbish and old comments can remain about a particular software title even if improvements have been made.

    MegaMacs, US second-hand software shop

    PHP scripts for webmasters, free and ready-made

    Hotscripts. Javascripts for webmasters, free and ready-made

    Sofotex.com

    Software Informer

    The 500 most visited web site in the world specialising in software downloads for Mac, PC and Linux. A popular site with more than 700,000 unique visitors perusing its pages every day.

    Picture

    Typhoon Software Downloads

    Windows 7 Downloads

    SOFTWARE, FREE

    Blender 3D

    Blender is the free open source 3D content creation suite, available for all major operating systems under the GNU General Public License.
     

    Blender Instructions (5.9 MB) is a PDF document prepared by SUNRISE summarizing how to use Blender. It is designed primarily for new Blender users (but can be used by experienced users who need a quick refresher) to help get them started and be productive with this software. This summary has been updated for version 2.8. In fact, this latest version has so many improvements that it may now be able to compete with the likes of Maxxon Cinema 4D and 3DS Max, and without the hefty commercial price tag. At last, Blender may have come of age. And it is amazing what open source software can achieve.

    SOFTWARE, BEST

    Adobe After Effects

    There is nothing in its class in terms of the power and flexibility in designing motion graphics and special video effects. It is the world's most popular software. Once you have mastered the basics of Adobe After Effects, you will be creating outstanding presentations that make you think why you would bother with Microsoft Powerpoint or any other slide presentation software. The only thing extra we would recommend in complementing this top-quality software is a copy of Adobe Premiere for handling videos and a select range of powerful After Effect plug ins (e.g., Elements 3D).

    Affinity Designer

    The most complete and easiest vector graphic design software at a price that blows Adobe Illustrator away, and yet just as powerful. The only way Adobe can now compete is to offer low-cost monthly subscriptions to its flagship software to lure customers back to its brand, or else expect Adobe to make a takeover offer for Affinity sometime in the near future to reduce the competition.

    Affinity Photo

    The alternative solution to Adobe Photoshop, especially if you think Gimp is a little too geeky and the user interface is a shocker. There are many graphic editing tools out there on the market, but this is the better of the bunch, just after Adobe Photoshop.

    Sparkle One Pro

    The most complete and easiest web page creation tool for web designers and serious web programmers. Best of all, you do not need to know any coding to create the world's best web sites. Things have moved on since the days when Macromedia and Adobe provided Dreamweaver as the only truly professional web page maker.

    SPARE PARTS

    Appliance Parts Warehouse (Sydney, Australia)

    BigWarehouse Spares for Appliances (Australia)

    Spare Parts Warehouse (USA)

    For laptop parts and repairs

    SPORTS

    Basketball, NBA (U.S.)

    FIFA Soccer

    Golf (CBS Sports)

    Motorcycle Online

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    As people stay at home due to Covid-19, there is a growing interest in listening to music in high quality. Among the DIY projects to support people's listening pleasure is building an open baffle speaker system. Here are some resources to get you going.

    Introduction To The Art And Science Of Open Baffle Speaker Building

    Open baffle in a small room

    Ready-made open baffle speakers (Just enjoy the music)

    Speaker box enclosure calculator

    The essentials of building and using an open baffle speaker system:

    1. The effectiveness and quality of the sound coming from an open baffle speaker system is depended on where it is located and what is in the area to absorb and reflect sounds, as well as the position of the listener. In an open stage with hardly any walls and other obstacles nearby, you can get away with very large sized quality speakers that will drive the sound to considerable distances and still sound surprisingly good. But in a small to medium-sized room, big speakers are not the way to go. Smaller is better but with enough grunt to give the necessary volume to be heard anywhere in the room. Beyond that, paying a premium for high quality "smallish" speakers will ensure that you receive the largest frequency range possible in your sound and minimise sound distortion.
    2. At https://redspade-audio.blogspot.com/2010/05/open-baffle-in-small-room.html, you will find a diagram of a room showing the position of the two open baffle speakers in relation to the listener (in a balanced or symmetrical design) and the recommended distance away from the wall they should be. If the volume is high, this distance from the wall may need to increase, but only if your room can allow for it.
    3. Some reflections off walls to reach the listener can be beneficial in the sense that if it is done right and there is enough delay in the sound reaching the listener, it can give the impression of good ambience to your sound in the room.
    4. Speaker sizes depends on where the listener is sitting in the room and how far you want the sound of the speakers to travel to get to the listener coupled with a decent amplifier. Another factor to consider is what is actually available from speaker manufacturers and their sizes. Also, you need to decide on the number of speakers that will drive the range of frequencies you want for that quality full frequency range of sounds you want to hear. A bass speaker, a mid range speaker, and a tweeter will provide optimum sound range. Positioning of the speakers is also important, especially in regards to the distance between the tweeter and the bass (or low frequency range) speaker, as this guy on YouTube has discussed. A waveguide from the speaker manufacturer can be useful in this regard when determining the recommended separation of speakers in order to send the sounds in an optimal way with respect to all other sounds.
    5. Assuming you have a small to medium-sized room, https://www.tweekgeek.com/blog-tweek-geek-speek/the-open-source-open-baffle-speaker-project/ gives recommendations on a set of two speakers — one low frequency range speaker, and one full range speaker — that this guy found was very reasonable and delivered excellent sound quality for his open baffle design. As he stated: "I chose 4 Eminence Alpha 15 drivers for the low frequency portion of the speakers. Two per speaker. They are well known to be great drivers for open baffle designs, and at 97 dB efficiency, are plenty efficient for this design. For the first full range driver, I chose the Dayton Audio PS 220 - 8 8" full range driver. It is rated at 95 dB efficiency." He gives a picture of what these items look like. You can check the manufacturers on their actual dimensions.
    6. Other factors to consider are things like ensuring the material you use to hold the speakers / drivers (i.e., the actual baffles) are solid materials and have reasonable weight. Any tiny cracks or parts that could loosen up (a common problem in cheap softwoods, such as plywood), can either vibrate and interfere with the sound quality, or could break off and cause structural integrity issues, especially when you crank up the volume. And if there is not enough weight on your open baffle design, the whole unit can vibrate. On a wooden floor this would be terrible. Carpeted is much better. But at the end of the day, make sure the design is made of solid hardwood of reasonable weight, or use solid metal frames to hold one or two or three (for the number of speakers you have) wooden boards.

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